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Showing posts with label Around us. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Around us. Show all posts

Friday, January 4, 2019

They never been existed and how come are there their pictures?

Hi, we're meet again for the first time in the 2019.

The development of technology increasingly days is indeed more amazing. Things previously only existed in sci-fi movies, slowly become reality now. And this is one of them.

When you though with logic and common sense, only those who have been born into this world that ought have photos. Whether it's a baby photo, a photo when was a teenager, a photo when became an adult, and a photo when was a grandparent. This is natural because every person must want to devote precious moments and memories in their life.
The faces on the left were created by AI in 2014; on the right are ones made by AI in 2018. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2Vsb5Mb)
But, what if it turns out that there are photos containing people's faces that never even existed in this world? No, they are not ghosts. Nor the aliens disguised as human beings. The truth is people on the photo below are born not by humans, but are "born" by an artificial intelligent technology.

In a simple description is that these photos were created by robots developed by an American technology company named Nvidia. You might know those company as a supplier of processor and gaming devices. In fact, besides that they also developed many other technologies, one of which is these AI technology.
Some of Nvidia’s AI-generated faces. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2Vsb5Mb)
The artificial intelligence technology is called Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs). Well, this technology is capable of creating imaginary human photographs that are difficult to distinguish from real human portraits.

Then, how did the AI technology create those imaginary human photos? The researchers entered 70 thousand real human photo datas of various ages, ethnicities, and backgrounds into computer databases. Then the computer will study, sort and process those 70 thousand photos to produce the photos of truly new humans.
Style transfer allows you to blend facial characteristics from different people. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2Vsb5Mb)
GAN's is not only able to create portraits of new humans, but it can also create additional accessories to support the appearance of those "human". For example, adding glasses, hats, or jewelry. So, this portrait is increasingly difficult to distinguish from real humans.

This technology might amaze you, but many people are worried about these technology using, especially politicians. They worry that this technology will be misused and make politicians speak or move as creators want. In fact, all of that is merely engineering. And some say misuse of this technology will make hoax news "more trusted".
Some examples of AI-generated faces with obvious asymmetrical features. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2Vsb5Mb)
Of course this technology abusing will make a scene throughout the world due to misunderstandings. In fact, everything has been engineered by irresponsible or bad people. And for its own positive impact, it seems that it is still difficult to find, unless it is used by intelligence to create a new identity.

But as a red thread, it all depends on ourselves as the creators and users if we want the technology to have benefits or just the opposite. What do you think? *** [EKA | FROM VARIOUS SOURCES | THE VERGE | SKYMINDS]
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Monday, December 10, 2018

These 7 diseases make the sufferer have extraordinary strength!

In general condition, each disease actually makes the sufferer become weak, helpless and need treatment until healed. But apparently not all diseases make the body of the sufferer like that.
Illustrated drawing. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2SBg2A3)
Yes, it turns out there is a disease that can make sufferers actually have extraordinary powers like a super hero. Why is that so? People with this disease can have more strength or ability that normal people do not have. It's weird but cool

You're curious right? Here's the full infos, let's we discuss it!

1. Hyperthymesia 
Hyperthymesia is a rare disease that makes sufferers unable to forget. The sufferer will always remember everything he sees even in detail. This often makes people with Hyperthymesia feel an unbearable headache.
One of the Hyperthymesia is a woman named Rebecca Sharrock. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2UpdoiJ)
Rebecca Sharrock is one of hyperthymesia sufferers. She can even remembered being wrapped in a pink blanket when she was 12 days old. Wow, amazing! Reportedly, this rare disease only affects 60 people worldwide.

2. Congenital Analgesia
Congenital Analgesia is a disease that makes the sufferer immune to pain. Even when experiencing severe injuries, and people with Congenital Analgesia will not be able to feel the pain.
This disease is very dangerous because it is feared to make sufferers do not realize that there are severe injuries on his body. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2UpdoiJ)
At glance this disease does sound cool, but it turns out this disease can be very dangerous because it possible for the sufferer were not aware when they get a severe injury to the body that is feared able to cause death.

3. Savant Syndrome
Savant Syndrome makes the sufferer able to do anything proficiently. Savant Syndrome is usually found in people who have mental disabilities such as autism or asperger.
Savant Syndrome will continue to experience mental decline if they do not immediately get proper care. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2UpdoiJ)
This rare disease does seem to give super powers to sufferers, but people with Savant Syndrome will continue to experience mental decline if they do not immediately get proper care.

4. Cold Insensitivity
People with this syndrome have an insensitivity of cold or cannot feel cold. It as one of unique syndromes that makes the body of the sufferer insensitive and cannot feel the cold sensation at all. People have this syndrome usually get the nickname the ice man.
People with cold insensitivity syndrome get the nickname ice man. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2UpdoiJ)
Wim Hof ​​is one of the people diagnosed with this Cold Insensitivity disorder. So he can swim in the lake in winter with very low temperatures without wearing any clothes and not feeling cold at all.

5. Urbach-Diet Disease 
Urbach-Diet Disease is a rare disease that makes the sufferer not feel afraid. And this disease seems to give sufferers the super power, even though the fear is also needed as self protection.
Illustrated of the Urbach-Diet Disease. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2UpdoiJ)
Besides not having fear, people with Urbact-Diet Disease also cannot recognize danger. And it is reported that only 300 people in the world have been diagnosed with this rare disease.

6. Hypohidrotic Ectodermal dysplasia
Hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia is also known as vampire disease, which makes sufferers look like vampires. The causes of hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia are due to mutations in the EDA, EDAR, and EDARADD genes.
Hypohidrotic Ectodermal Dysplasia makes the sufferer look like a vampire. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2UpdoiJ)
This mutation prevents the normal interaction between the ectoderm and mesoderm, which interferes with the normal development of the hair, sweat glands, and teeth. As a result, people with hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia will experience abnormal development in the structure of the skin, hair, nails, teeth and sweat glands themselves.

7. Foreign Accent Syndrome
Foreign Accent Syndrome is a rare disorder that causes sufferers to unconsciously speak a foreign language. Even if the person has never visited the area of ​​origin of the foreign language before.
This syndrome can make the sufferer able to speak foreign languages unconsciously. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2UpdoiJ)
This rare disease is generally caused by strokes or other brain injuries. People with Foreign Accent Syndrome not only able to change the tone of voice but also the placement of the tongue when speaking. Wow, you can speak foreign languages ​​without having to foreign languages course, it is truly amazing.

Those are 7 diseases or syndromes that can make the sufferer have extraordinary strength or ability. But overall in our opinion, if someone exposed a disease or suffering from an abnormality certainly makes they should immediately get the right treatment! Then what do you think? *** [EKA | FROM VARIOUS SOURCES | ]
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Tuesday, October 16, 2018

Plastic surgery can help stop smoking

For smokers, eliminating the habit of smoking may seem like an impossible thing. If you feel that all efforts are not working, maybe plastic surgery can help. 

Not a plastic surgery that can stop smoking, but preparations for the operation. As is known, every patient who will undergo a plastic surgery procedure must stop smoking 2 weeks before the surgery is performed. Smoking can cause dangerous complications during surgery. In fact, many surgeons refuse to operate smoker patients. 
Illustration: Cosmetic surgery may help patients quit smoking. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2NKWbfb)
In a recent study revealed, people who were asked to quit smoking 2 weeks before surgery tended to succeed in avoiding cigarettes even forever. It is not realistic to ask for cigarette addicts to undergo plastic surgery, but the highlight of the results of the study is to stop smoking is possible if they understand the health risks.

As many as 70 percent of respondents in this study agreed that discussing with doctors and being told of the dangers of smoking cigarettes for the results of surgery made them aware of stopping.

As many as 40 percent also admitted that they no longer smoke until 5 years after surgery and 25 percent did not smoke anymore.

"Specifically discussing that cigarettes in patients with surgery results in greatly influencing them to stop," said Aaron C.Van Slyke as quoted from Yahoo Beauty.

In general, smoking will make blood vessels constrict so that oxygen cannot bind with blood cells perfectly. This makes the amount of oxygen in the blood circulation decrease and the surgical wound becomes healed longer.

These conditions not only make the results of plastic surgery not as expected, but also cause harmful side effects such as necrosis or cell and tissue death. Smokers also tend to experience negative reactions when anesthetized and there is a possibility of infection. The danger of cigarettes does not include the risks to the body and heart organs. *** [EKA | FROM VARIOUS SOURCES | LINE]
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Friday, October 12, 2018

3 major scientific issues that still be mysterious!

Scientists continue to find many scientific issues that sometimes those issues can change the entire of our world's faces. Even so, the scientists continue to try uncover the mysteries about this world but still could not give a detailed explanations, and sometimes some of them then are kept those secret from the public, why?
Our Earth. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2pKiIPA)
As reported from the Dailystar on (06/12/2017), here are 3 major scientific issues that still be mysteries and kept on secret so that human does not panic!

3. Climate change
Many people think that climate change only makes the earth hotter, but it turns out that Climate Change or climate change is a disaster. Climate change is a real disaster, where humans burn the fuel, factories blow smoke into the sky and release carbon dioxide which makes the Earth's surface warmer. According to a study by scientists from Ohio, the United States that climate change takes hundreds of years to make it stable again.
One of the causes of climate change. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2IO0Lbu)

2. Human knowledge about the Universe is still very minimal
NASA sent astronauts to explore the moon, and humans on earth assume that humans have managed to know a lot about the universe. In fact it is not, according to a report from the United States Astronomy Agency, new humans are able to explore the universe in less than 5 percent. This means that the remaining 95 percent is still a mystery and it is the task of humans to be able to solve it in the future.
Illustration of our existence in the universe. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2IO0Lbu)

1. Mass extinction will occur once more
According to the Saintis report, this earth has experienced at least 5 mass extinctions caused by climate change, the ice age, to extreme weather. Well, the dangers of scientists believe that civilization will now lead to the sixth mass extinction. True or not, scientists are referring to current conditions of the earth and climate such as the amount of pollution, ice on both poles is starting to melt, forest loss and heat waves hit several regions in the Middle East.
Illustration of mass extinction. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2IO0Lbu)
The purpose of being kept secret here is not about its existence which is deliberately hidden, but its real contents are still an unsolved mystery.. What do you think? *** [EKA | FROM VARIOUS SOURCES | DAILYSTAR]
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Sunday, October 7, 2018

This is what will happen to the body when you stop smoking

Many people think that he feels it's too late to stop smoking because there are already many toxins in his body. However, as quoted from the Ministry of Health website, in various studies it is still possible that there will be recovery from damage caused by smoking even though it has been done for years.

In a study of 1,500 smokers, known a year after stopping smoking, there was an improvement in the arteries caused by inhaled cigarette smoke. This means, the risk of developing coronary heart disease also decreases, as well as the risk of cancer.

Although smokers who have separated from cigarettes experience a slight increase in body weight, around 4 kg, it is known that good cholesterol levels in the blood also increase. According to research published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Maybe you are curious, what happens to the body if you stop smoking within minutes to months? The following is the review as quoted from the Medical Daily and the Ministry of Health:

  • In 20 minutes not smoking: Blood pressure, pulse and peripheral blood flow improve. This is because nicotine causes the body to release epinephrine and norepinephrine, both of which limit blood vessels and increase heart rate.
  • In 2 hours not smoking: Approximately after two hours of not smoking, the urge to smoke again causes gloom and irritability. Usually people who stop smoking for two hours will begin to feel restless. However, it turns out that it is good for his health.
  • In 8 hours not smoking: Carbon monoxide and nicotine in the lungs are reduced by half, so oxygen levels in the bloodstream return to normal.
  • In 24 hours not smoking: Maybe you will experience coughing more than usual. This is apparently a sign the body is removing some of the toxins that are starting to form in the lungs. And carbon monoxide levels will disappear in the body.
    In 2 days not smoking: Nicotine is lost from the lungs and body, then the taste senses begin to recover.
  • In 3 days not smoking: After quitting smoking for 3 days you may experience some side effects and can be more extreme.
    In 1 month not smoking: Appearance improves, skin becomes brighter, wrinkles on the face diminish, hair shakes the airways grow back, nicotine withdrawal symptoms stop or disappear.
  • In 5-9 months not smoking: Coughing and wheezing (shortness of breath) is reduced.
  • In 5 years not smoking: The risk of coronary heart disease is reduced by half.
  • In 10 years not smoking: The risk of lung cancer is reduced by half.
The body begins to be completely clean and recover from toxins after 15 years of stopping smoking. As quoted from DailySabah, it is only in the 15th year since a person stops smoking, the harmful effects of smoking completely leave the body and reduce the likelihood of smoking-related illnesses by 90%, said Professor Ülkü Yilmaz, vice president of the Turkish Respiratory Society.

According to 2012 data, more than 1.8 million people were diagnosed with lung cancer worldwide, 1.6 million of whom eventually lost their lives. And the number of lung cancer patients is estimated at 2.5 million by 2025.

Professor Yilmaz said lung cancer risk was up to 30 times higher in people who smoked. Whereas those who do not smoke, the chance of developing lung cancer is lower than 1% in people who have never smoked in their lives.

"Once the smoker stops his habit, the risk of developing lung cancer begins to decrease. After 15 years of stopping smoking, the risk of lung cancer can decrease by 90%," said Yilmaz.

Yilmaz also reminded, people should not forget that the risk also comes to those who are non-smokers and remain at risk, namely that they are always exposed to cigarettes every day (passive smoking).

Why is passive smoking more likely to develop lung cancer? Many people are curious, why do passive smokers have lung cancer more often?

According to Dr. Sita Laksmi Andarini, PhD. SpP(K), the actual risk of active smokers getting lung cancer is much greater than passive smokers. Dan Laksmi said, active smokers had a 13.6-fold risk. While passive smokers have a four-fold risk of lung cancer.

According to the results of Clare Weeden's research from Melbourne University in Australia, cigarettes increase lung cell damage and make basal stem cells more active, increasing mutations. Even so, there are also active smokers who do not have lung cancer and there are passive smokers who have lung cancer. This is because to become cancer actually requires a complicated mechanism.

Actually, there is always the potential for lung cancer for everyone. Every time, people pull and exhale. In certain moments there are mucosa or mucous membranes in the respiratory tract from the nose to the damaged bronchus. If the amount is small, the body can still repair it.

"If there is a slip, he becomes abnormal, namely the seeds of cancer. But, it is not that easy to become cancer. There is a mechanism of the body itself to get rid of the abnormal. So not everyone has cancer," said Dr. Elisna Syahruddin, PhD. SpP(K). *** [EKA | FROM VARIOUS SOURCES | LINE]
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Wednesday, October 3, 2018

This technique will help you fall asleep in only 2 minutes

Are you included in the group of people who always have problems with sleep. or maybe you include people who sleep too much? If so, maybe you should try the following method to solve the problem.

A story when viral on the internet about the secret method used by the US Military to help people fall asleep quickly. The information came from a book published in 1981 entitled "Relax and Win: Championship Performance" with the story taken by author Sharon Ackman on Medium.
Reportedly, the US Military used this method to help people fall asleep quickly. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2ItNRzo)
This book tells its readers how to relax, and also tells how to fall asleep within two minutes. The US military itself uses this method. Ackman wrote, "The US Navy Pre-Flight School developed a scientific method to fall asleep day or night, in any conditions, in under two minutes. After six weeks of practice, 96 percent of pilots can fall asleep in two minutes or less. Even after drinking coffee, with the machine gun being played in the background."
Infogram: Why is sleep important? (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2ItNRzo)
If you also want to practice the same method, then follow the steps below:
  1. The first step is to clear your mind. For this, it is recommended that you relax all the muscles in your face. Drop your shoulders and rest your arms.
  2. Then breathe and relax your chest. Then relax your legs. All steps must be followed in the same sequence.
  3. In the next 10 seconds, clear your mind of everything. Imagine you're lying in a pitch-black room on a comfortable sofa. If you are struggling, say the words "don't think" repeatedly. This can supposedly help as well
If you follow all these steps, you should be asleep. Ackman said that this technique was especially useful for people in the military who were in dangerous scenarios or for those who were coping with the horrors of war. And according to another recent study, getting a night sleep between six to nine hours can help offset the heart conditions. Some other studies have also shown the disastrous effects sleep deprivation can have on the body.

Even though we don’t understand its importance, sleep is super essential for normal brain activity and healthy life. If you need to sleep quickly or you are struggling to get to sleep at home, you can also give a try to this US army technique. This technique has worked for World War II pilots; it can certainly work for you as well. *** [EKA | FROM VARIOUS SOURCES | WONDERFUL ENGINEERING]
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Wednesday, August 29, 2018

Scientists find the world's oldest color

Scientists have found what they say is the oldest color in the world, namely bright pink. The facts about the history of the pigment were discovered after researchers destroyed 1.1 billion years old rocks in flakes of marine deposits found in the rocky layers of the Sahara Desert, in the Taoudeni basin of Mauritania (western Africa).
Biogeochemistry lab manager Janet Hope from the ANU research school of earth sciences holds a vial of coloured porphyrins (pink coloured liquid), believed to be some of the oldest pigments in the world. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2wjcSHB)
"Of course you might say that everything (rocks) has several colors," said Prof. Jochen Brocks, senior researcher leader from the Australian National University. "What we found was the oldest biological color," he continued as quoted by The Guardian on Wednesday, June 11, 2018.

Then, Prof. Brocks compared it to the discovery of a 100 million-year-old T-Rex bone. "It (the T-Rex bone fossil) also has color, but tends to have a gray pigment base, or brown. But that won't tell you what T-Rex's skin is like," Prof Brocks continued.
The oldest color pigments in the world are found from marine animals fossils of hundreds of millions of years old. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2PtUkx4)
He explained that the newest pigment molecules found by his team did not come from large creatures, but microscopic organisms that lived in the early era of the formation of the Earth.

The oldest color, was first discovered by a doctoral student named Nur Gueneli, who destroyed fossil rocks into powder. Then, she extracts and analyzes the molecules of ancient organisms from the chemicals they contain.

Gueneli said the pigment was half a billion years older than the discovery of the previous fossil pigment. "Bright pink pigments are molecular fossils of chlorophyll produced by ancient photosynthetic organisms, which inhabit ancient oceans," she said in a statement. *** [EKA | FROM VARIOUS SOURCES | THE GUARDIAN]
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