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Showing posts with label Boat. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Boat. Show all posts

Sunday, July 24, 2022

The modern "Noah's Ark" was built to find solutions Our Earth's climate change

~Safe FUTURE~ Reportedly, there's a giant vessel was being built and even some parties dubbed it as the incarnation of Noah's Ark. Why is that? Perhaps they saw the purpose of this vessel being built to save lives as the real Noah's Ark did.
A proposed ship aims to merge luxury and scientific research, by crewing it with climate scientists and the wealthy in a daring quest to save the planet called the Earth 300. (Picture from: AutoEvolution)
This giant vessel is and called the Earth 300 and planned to be a research ship used by scientists to find solutions to climate change that can threaten life on Earth. This vessel designed to accommodate up to 160 scientists whose gathered from all over the world to conduct joint research by utilizing the advanced technology attached on the ship.
Suitably futuristic, Earth 300 features a contemporary shape with a pared-down conceptual language and an aerodynamic form. (Picture from: AutoEvolution)
Then who's the man behind this enermous giant vessel building project? The originator of the idea as well as the shipbuilder is the Gibraltarian-born, Singapore-based entrepreneur named Aaron Oliviera is assisted by many parties with various backgrounds from all over the world and hopes that the Earth 300 giant vessel can attract public attention to science and especially about climate change."This ship is designed to capture people's attention as well as their hearts and imaginations. If we want to make big changes, we need the help of people of all ages, ages, backgrounds and all kinds of intelligence," he said.
The Earth 300 vessel’s most striking feature, however, is its “science sphere”, chosen to resemble Earth. (Picture from: DesignWanted)
Furthermore, this research vessel run by a multinational company under the same name of the Earth300 with goals as an historical environmental initiative to ring the ecological alarm on a global scale and inspire a new brand of planetary vanguard. As written on its official sites; "We love life and want to ensure that humanity survives in the future."
 
As seen as the appearance, the Earth 300 is an enermous giant emission-free nuclear powered vessel with 22 state-of-the-art laboratories. It is almost 500 meters long and consists of 13 levels, and has futuristic design with a unique rounded building in the middle.
The Earth 300 vessel includes an observation deck that appears delicately balanced on the ship’s top, a 46-metre beam and a helicopter pad. (Picture from: DesignWanted)
As quoted of the ScienceFocus, the Earth 300 vessel is also equipped with a quantum computer featured with built-in sensors, artificial intelligence, robotics, machine learning to direct data processing to handle the massive data it collects, and Aaron Oliviera calls it a floating computer.
Set for launch in 2025, the Earth 300 boasts 500 meters in length and will be packed full of green technology. (Picture from: DesignWanted)
Of course with all that sophistication, the cost of manufacture is not cheap. It is estimated, the vessel building will cost between 350 and 500 million pounds. If nothing goes wrong, the plan is that the giant vessel scheduled to lift its anchor and start sailing in 2025.
Later in addition to scientists who research climate change on board, it can also be boarded by VIP guests, and said will be charged a fairly high accommodation fee. For example, a VIP single trip for 10-days will cost you around US. $3 million. Wow!! *** [EKA | FROM VARIOUS SOURCES | EARTH300 | SCIENCEFOCUS | AUTOEVOLUTION | DESIGNWANTED ]
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Thursday, April 28, 2022

This Soviet monster left dull and rusting on the shore of the Caspian Sea

~Ended in Vain~ After some time ago, we had discussed the Bartini-Beriev VVA-14, one of the Soviet Union's seaplane could be functioned as an ekranoplan that can fly very close to the surface of the water or land by utilizing an aerodynamic principle called the ground effect. So have any true ekranoplanes ever been built other than the seaplane mentioned above?
The Lun-class MD-160 Ekranoplan is designed by by Rostislav Alexeyev back in 1975 as a battleship-killing ekranoplan that could hover only inches above the water, making it difficult for enemy radar to detect. (Picture from: IndoMiliter)
Well, during the cold war era, the Soviet Union had developed true ekranoplan, some kind of a hybrid winged ship featured with Wings in Ground Effect (WIG) technology. It has been known only one unit ever built named the Lun-class MD-160 Ekranoplan was equipped with very lethal anti-ship missiles and also powered by several turbojets, so made it able to soar quickly above the ocean waves.
The only Soviet-era Lun-class MD-160 ekranoplan ever completed has been left to rust for 30 years, but now this remarkable flying machine is on the move.. (Picture from: Tekno-Tempo)
The Soviet engineers of Central Hydrofoil Design Bureau began building this ekranoplan for the Sovyet Union Navy in 1987 and upon completion it was put into service for a very short time ranging from 1989 to the 1990s. Early in its construction, the Soviet's ekranoplan was designed by Rostislav Alexeyev back in 1975 as a battleship-killing ekranoplan that could hover only inches above the water, making it difficult for enemy radar to detect. This ekranoplan is also equipped with eight turbojet engines mounted on the front and capable to give it a speed of up to 375 miles per hour.
The only Soviet-era Lun-class MD-160 ekranoplan is equipped with eight turbojet engines mounted on the front and capable to give it a speed of up to 375 miles per hour. (Picture from: Merah-Putih)
During the construction process, the winged ship project received great attention from NATO. How not, the Soviet's ekranoplan manned by 10 crews capable to hovering between 1 to 5 meters above the ocean waves at a speed of Mach-3, and is equipped with six P-270 Moskit anti-ship missiles. Those kind of missiles can carry nuclear warheads, capable hit targets from a distance of 64 miles, and considered more lethal than the US Navy's Harpoon missiles.
By carrying ix P-270 Moskit anti-ship missiles, the Lun-class MD-160 Ekranoplan has capability to sink large enemy ships, including the US Navy aircraft carrier. (Picture from: Merah-Putih)
By carrying such weapon system as mentioned above, the Lun-class MD-160 Ekranoplan has capability to sink large enemy ships, including the US Navy aircraft carrier, so that with such killing abilities, it is no doubt that it has earned it the nickname of the Caspian Sea Monster.
Today the MD-160 Ekranoplan even more worsened, it can be seen from the ekranoplan fuselage looks dull and rusty here and there. (Picture from: Merah-Putih)
However, with the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 and the end of the cold war, the ekranoplan project stalled. There is only one ekranoplan that has been successfully produced, and even then with a relatively short service time and without fighting. In the 1990s, the Lun-class MD-160 Ekranoplan was retired and kept at the Kaspiysk Naval Base.
The only Lun-class MD-160 ekranoplan is actually going to be moved from the Kaspiysk Naval Base to a park in Derbent, Dagestan on July 31, 2020, but it was still hampered when the ekranoplan failed to tow ashore and ended up sitting on the shore of the Caspian Sea. (Picture from: CNN)
Now, the Caspian Sea Monster was only a name. Its story should be entered the final chapter, which is to become a display in a museum. So, this winged ship is actually going to be moved from the Kaspiysk Naval Base to a park in nearest city of Derbent, Dagestan on July 31, 2020. However, the transfer effort was still hampered when the 380 tonnes ekranoplan failed to tow ashore and ended up sitting on the shore of the Caspian Sea.
This condition no doubt made the MD-160 Ekranoplan even more worsened. It can be seen from the ekranoplan fuselage looks dull and rusty here and there which is now a selfie location for some people who pass by. In fact, there are also people who climb the wings of it to take pictures. There was a sad possibility that the sea monster would be blown to pieces by the times. Surely it was a very tragic ending for one of the most impressive rides ever built.😢 *** [EKA | FROM VARIOUS SOURCES | WIKIPEDIA | CNN ]
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Friday, February 11, 2022

Mega yacht concept that can sail on the water and fly in the sky as well

~Mega Flying~ Today a superyacht sailed away in the ocean might sound normal. However, what if there's anyone who made a superyacht that can sail on water but also could be flied in the air? This kind of yacht going to be realized by a design company based in Rome, Italy called Lazzarini Design Studio. Well, the Italian company made the design of all-new mega yacht concept capable to sail on the ocean and could be flied on the sky as well.
New luxury mega Air Yacht concept designed by Lazzarini Design Studio to fly rather than sail thanks to two large airships. (Picture from: UK Time News)
This Lazzarini-designed unique vehicle is called Air Yacht and is said specially for private owners whose carried a vision of the evolution of the mega yacht / aviation and is not intended for tourist or public transportation purposes. 
The Air Yacht concept consists of twin fuselages that look like Zeppelin airship filled of 400,000 cubic meters of compressed helium and special main structure in the middle, is driven by eight rotating electric motors opposite with the power supplied by the ultralight batteries and solar panels. (Picture from: BlackXperience)
According to Lazzarini, this cruise ship will have a carbon fiber structure and a length of 150 m (492 feet) and width of 80 m (262 feet). This unique mega yacht is driven by eight rotating electric motors opposite with the power supplied by the ultralight batteries and solar panels.
New luxury mega Air Yacht concept designed by Lazzarini Design Studio has a total length of 150 meters, with a width of 80 meters. (Picture from: UK Time News)
As quoted of the UK Time News, the Air Yacht concept of Lazzarini consists of twin fuselages that look like Zeppelin airship filled of 400,000 cubic meters of compressed helium and special main structure in the middle, which offers a 360° view.
New luxury mega Air Yacht concept designed by Lazzarini Design Studio has five passenger suites available on each airship and a special main structure in middle for the 'shipowner suite,' which offers a 360° view. (Picture from: UK Time News)
The two enermous air ballons are connected to the main central structure through four carbon decks on each side that passengers can move between different areas on the airship. For the master suite based on the main central structure, which is around 78 meters. There is also a spacious living room with a dining room and swimming pool.
There is also a spacious living room with a dining room and swimming pool inside of the Air Yacht concept of Lazzarini Design Studio. (Picture from: BlackXperience)
This luxury water yacht is able to carry up to 22 passengers. Mega Yacht this fly has 10 cabins for passengers, five on each plane, plus a ship owner suite in the middle area, which offers 360 degree views. There is also a possibility for this yacht using helipad, with this into additional options.
There is also a spacious living room with a dining room and swimming pool inside of the Air Yacht concept of Lazzarini Design Studio. (Picture from: BlackXperience)
The Air Yacht can fly at a maximum speed of about 60 knots (69 mph / 111 kph) for more than 48 hours with zero emission and also sail on the ocean at a speed of 5 knots (5.7 mph / 9 kph). When a water landing is necessary, Lazzarini said, that the airship is pushed down by the rotation of the engines and can stay in the water thanks to depressurization of the helium and ballast anchoring system.
Currently the Air Yacht is just a unique concept of future vehicles made by Lazzarini Design Studio that offer many other portfolios, such as cruise ship projects, automotive, and aerospace. Might still fresh in your memory one of them such the Lazzarini One electric-powered supercar concept specially for the rich in you.
If there are any buyers or investors, Lazzarini is targeting to build this super unique airship and collect helium within five years. However, every potential customers must have a ton of money because the price is estimated to be very fantastic, ie around US $ 621 million (Rp. 8.9 trillion). Even now the Italian company already has much larger version called the Air Yacth  V.2. We're really speechless and amazed.😲 *** [EKA | FROM VARIOUS SOURCES | LAZZARINI DESIGN STUDIO | UKTIMENEWS ]
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Monday, June 7, 2021

The Manta, a super-trimaran vessel will be swept the ocean trash in 2024

Today we're going to talk about something the Trussty team isn't used to. Because this time we will discuss about an extraordinary ship that is trying to be developed in such a way that it can become a reliable ocean waste sweeper.
The Manta, a  56 meter (184 ft) long catamaran sailing vessel's use of electricity, along with solar cells and wind turbines will make it 70% self-sufficient in energy. (Picture from: WEForum)
Well, for many people in the world the existence of garbage, trash or waste (whatever is the name) are indeed very annoying. Yes, wherever the waste is located, whether on land, sea (and if it is also existed in the air) it can be ascertained that it becomes something contradictory, especially when it is related to the issue of ecosystem and environmental conservations.

Maybe this is how a French professional yacht racer named Yves Bourgnon feels who is disturbed and annoyed by constant sighting of floating plastic wastes in coastal waters, even in the open ocean over the years. This is understandable because he has spent his career racing sailing vessels around the globe as a competitive yachtsmen. Therefore, he and other environmental activists incorporated in the 'SeaCleaners' then initiated a project to design an ocean-cleaning sailboat that is powered by the waste it collects. That's a pretty brilliant idea.
Yvan Bourgnon, a French professional yacht racer who is initiated a project to design an ocean-cleaning sailboat that is powered by the waste it collects. (Picture from: Assises-Dechets)
The outcome of the project initiated by Yves Bourgnon and his colleagues will be a 56 meter (184 ft) long catamaran sailing vessel named the 'Manta,' which according to Reuters is one of the largest waste-collecting vessels on the seas. As mentioned before, the Manta uses waste to drive electric motor that works in conjuction with the sails to propel the large catamaran.
The Manta is one of the largest waste-collecting vessels on the seas and is powered by the waste it collects. (Picture from: SeaCleaners)
The mechanism for collecting waste up to become the vessel's fuel is carried out when the Manta glides on the sea, in between its three pontoons there're conveyor belts scoops up trash as small as 10 millimeters, while the three trawl nets drift behind (to a depth of 1 meter, thereby avoiding marine life) to be added to the onboard collection.
The Manta provides the conveyor belts scoops up trash then fed into processing machines where the vessel's crew members sort it before transferring it to an incinerator to drive turbines to creates electric power. (Picture from: SeaCleaners)
This waste is then fed into processing machines where the vessel's crew members sort it before transferring it to an incinerator that shreds and melts the plastic (and even uses heat and gases) to drive turbines to creates electric power.
The Manta is said able to sail non-stop by sucking 3 tons of garbage per hour, without the need to return to nearest port to refuel or unload plastic. (Picture from: Assises-Dechets)
Another ways o generates electric power is also done by harvesting solar heat by lining the deck with solar panels and installing wind turbines to harvest power from the wind coming from the sails, so that Manta can be said to be 70% independent in terms of energy, and allows it to sail non-stop by sucking 3 tons of garbage per hour, without the need to return to nearest port to refuel or unload plastic.

In addition to having a primary function as a sea waste collector, this vessel also provides room onboard that functions as a scientific laboratory, which allows marine biologists and chemists to study the effects of plastics on ecosystems and many other studies.
Although initially launched purely as a concept, but the SeaCleaners intends to put it as a fully operational prototype that can be work collecting waste on the oceans by 2024. Furthermore Bourgnon believes that if 400 vessels such this are successfully built, and they can eventually eliminate as much as 33% of the plastic waste on the sea. 

It's a noble effort that can make our environment clean from waste, and make life better and healthier. Let's support so that it can be realized soon! *** [EKA | FROM VARIOUS SOURCES | THE SEACLEANER | ASSISES-DECHETS | GOODNEWSNETWORK | WEFORUM ]
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Wednesday, June 24, 2020

The first F50 replica that could pass on the Venice River

Italy is known to have many traditions, besides making supercars. It turns out that they make some of the best traditional lake boats, plus they are also a cultural and artistic hub of Europe. And on this occasion, we will discuss one of the Italian creations that combining all those elements above and then makes it very unique work.
This unique wooden Ferrari F50 car-shaped boat by Livio De Marchi made over five months in the process. (Picture from: https://bit.ly/2VdIImy)
The Ferrari brand is one of the many famous brands from Italy that has become iconic for their automotive tradition, it's proved of more than 16 million people joining the Ferrari's fan pages. But due to the selling price of one unit of a Ferrari is fairly expensive so that not everyone can afford it. No wonder so many people dream of owning these Maranello-made supercars.
A wooden Ferrari F50 car-shaped boat running on the surface of the Venice River. (Picture from: https://bit.ly/2zWYfj5)
To satisfy the desire to have a sports car, not a few people who conduct experiments even imitate one of the Ferrari car model shapes. If it's in the form of a four-wheeled vehicle, the easiest way to get it is to make a replica by using the base of the Pontiac Fiero or Toyota MR2. But a different thing was done by Livio De Marchi, who made a wooden boat that has a shape resembled the Ferrari F50.
The details of each part of this unique wooden Ferrari F50 car-shaped boat made in detail so that the shape is similar to the original supercar. (Picture from: https://bit.ly/2VdIImy)
As quoted by Autoevolution, De Marchi spent five months working on it. The time was used to pursue the details of each part of this replica workmanship even made in detail so that the shape is similar to the original vehicle ranging from glass to the iconic Ferrari's prancing horse logo.
1995 Ferrari F50. (Picture from: https://bit.ly/3jBD7kc)
Unlike the original car that uses a 65-degrees V12 4.7L DOHC engine, the Ferrari F50-shaped boat made by De Marchi uses a Yamaha boat engine capable of carrying it to run along the water surface at medium speed. Thus the 900kg car-shaped boat became the first F50 replica that could pass on the surface of the Venice river.
To all those of you who want a Ferrari but are constrained by its exorbitant price, so the Italian gentleman's way can be an inspiration. Only in five months, his dreamed Ferrari can be owned even if only a wooden Ferrari F50 car-shaped boat. *** [EKA | FROM VARIOUS SOURCES | AUTOEVOLUTION
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Monday, August 12, 2019

The only one Ferrari's superfast boat ever made

Ferrari, one of the Italian automotive companies was famous with the speed of its production cars. Turn out, the Maranello based company also ever made a superfast boat. The superfast boat later given a name Ferrari 'Arno XI' Hydroplane known the only one superfast (hydroplane) boat in history powered by Ferrari's engine and also managed to capture the world's attention in early of 1950s.
1953 Timossi-Ferrari Racing 'Arno XI' Hydroplane on action. (PIcture from: http://bit.ly/2TkDcw6)
It all began in 1951, when the initiator and also the first boat owner, Achille Castoldi told to his friends who are two Ferrari F1 racing car drivers, each named Alberto Ascari and Luigi Villoresi about his intention to make a Ferrari-engined superfast boat. These two famous racing drivers helped Castoldi to buy one Ferrari engine which will then be used specifically on Castoldi's upcoming superfast boat.

In the process, turn out Enzo Ferrari agreed to be directly involved in this project, overseeing every step in the making and testing of the engine. Even the Ferrari's Head of Engine Design in the time, Aurelio Lampredi and all of his engineering crews involved directly in the project.
1953 Ferrari Racing 'Arno XI' Hydroplane was using a similar engine mounted on the Ferrari Tipo 375 racing car. (PIcture from: http://bit.ly/2Z436tC)
And then the superfast boat started to build in 1952, and intentionally made to break the world's speed record. It is not surprising due to the Ferrari-made boat was using a similar engine mounted on the Ferrari Tipo 375 racing car.

Yes, this boat uses a Ferrari's 12 cylinders engine with 5.5 liter of capacity. The Ferrari engine initially produces 350 bhp of power. However, after several early tests and also races in early 1953 seems that its abilities can be further improved.
Left side view of 1953 Timossi-Ferrari Racing 'Arno XI' Hydroplane. (PIcture from: http://bit.ly/2MaasWb)
Although the boat was actually able to run more than 100 mph, Enzo Ferrari requested that the boat's engine be modified so that it could use methanol so the compression ratio could be higher.

Then he also added twin superchargers and a pair of four-choke typed large carburetors. As a result, the engine able to spew off more than 500 bhp of power. It is not surprising if the boat later has a historic gait in the speed record, all thanks to those Ferrari engine.

And in 1953, this single-seater superfast boat managed to set a new world's record for the 800 kilogram class at Lago d'Iseo, Italy with a speed of more than 149 mph. And those speed record has not been broke until now.
1953 Timossi-Ferrari Racing 'Arno XI' Hydroplane exhibited next to 1951 Ferrari Tipo 375 at Ferrari's Museum to show the Ferrari's dominance both on land and water. (PIcture from: http://bit.ly/2MauFeE)
And now the superfast boat is being prepared to commemorate its 70th anniversary, and its engine restoration work is being carried out at the center of technical facility of those prancing horse logoed company called the Ferrari Classiche. After being restored later in the early fall of this year, the boat will be scheduled to go on a world tour to show to the Ferrari fans all-over the world.
Milton Verret, an Austin businessman and known as the currently owner of 1953 Timossi-Ferrari Racing 'Arno XI' Hydroplane. (PIcture from: http://bit.ly/2MauFeE)
"We imagine ourselves as one of Ferrari's leading engineers, and can work on a number of similar components that are assembled and designed by Enzo Ferrari himself," said the currently boat owner, an Austin businessman named Milton Verret. 

"As a special and rare Ferrari collector, no one can beat a racing boat which used a Ferrari's engine prepared for F1 racing car. With the direct involvement of Enzo, you can have a functioning machine that is fought for by most car racing enthusiasts. That is its specialty," he added.
For information, since 2012, Arno XI Hydroplane has been borrowed from Verret for the benefit of two world-famous Ferrari museums in Italy to show the Ferrari's dominance both on land and water. In the museum, the Arno XI superfast boat exhibited next to the Ferrari Tipo 375 racing car that won the 1951 British GrandPrix in Silverstone, England... *** [EKA | FROM VARIOUS SOURCES | AUTOBLOG]
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Thursday, August 30, 2018

Waiting for the presence of the world's first tank boat

Almost a year and a half since the full-scale model (mock up) of the X18 Tank Boat 'Antasena' shown at the 7th Indo Defense event which took place in November 2016, here's the continuation news of this world's first tank boat.
Here's she is the X18 Tank Boat 'Antasena' full-scale model shown at 7th Indo Defense held on November 2016. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2wsM1tv)
The boat that drew its concept since 2015 was offered by a shipbuilding company from Banyuwang, East Java, namely PT.Lundin Industry Invest. (North Sea Boats) in collaboration with PT.Pindad, an Indonesian state-owned enterprise as a local partner.

While its foreign partners are the CMI Defense weapons industry, and OIP (Optique et de Instruments Precision), a sensor system development company. Both are from Belgium and also involve the Swedish defense industry Bofors.

The toughest challenge in designing a large cannon-armed small boat was the recoil problem caused by the canon fire and the weight of the ship itself. Learning from Sikorsky's lack of success with their monohull tank boat design, PT.Lundin applied a catamaran design (double keel) on the X18 to make it more stable and also applied a gyro-stabilized gun.
These X18 Tank Boat 'Antasena' suitable to operate on the river channel and the shoreline as waters patrol boat. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2wsM1tv)
In an effort to save the weight of the ship, PT.Lundin integrates lightweight composite materials that are 10 times lighter and 10 times stronger than steel and also fire resistant. This is different from the material that was used on their previous ship products such as the KCR Trimaran KRI Klewang 625. Besides that the X18 also uses aluminum material for the tower dome.

The CMI Defense is responsible for supplying the Cockerill XC-8 105HP turret system which already has a ballistic and stabilization computer system to provide solutions and correction of cannon shooting angles. This dome system is manned by two people whose have integrated with a bustle-mounted autoloader.
The vaulted tank cannon ships, X18 Tank Boat 'Antasena' also able to operate as a supporter ship in an amphibious landing or infiltration missions. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2wsM1tv)
These tank boat able to fire all types of NATO caliber 105 mm tank munitions that provide its commanders with various ammunition options according to tactical situations in the field. This canon can also release the Falarick 105 Gun-Launched Anti-Tank Guided Missile (GLATGM) which can crush a heavy armor vehicle at a distance of 5 km.

Its main weapon is the canon caliber 105 mm hp (high pressure) can be used to fight larger ships. These floating-tank has cannon elevation angle that reaches 42 degrees so make it can be used to provide indirect gunfires as far as 10 km while the allies troops are making landings.
The X18 Tank Boat 'Antasena' of Indonesian Ministry of Defense being made at PT.Lundin shipbuilding facility in Banyuwangi. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2PRjyWG)
As a secondary weapon, the X18 carries the Bofors LEMUR-Remote Weapon System (RWS) with 7.62 mm caliber machine guns. For the protection of the crew, PT.Lundin also provide an additional protection system at several points that can withstand bullet collisions up to 7.62 mm caliber and 12.77 mm caliber in frontal point.
The X18 Tank Boat 'Antasena' of Indonesian Ministry of Defense being made at PT.Lundin shipbuilding facility in Banyuwangi. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2NwDVqn)
This small ship with double keel has a dimention of 18.79 m long, beam over all 6.10 m and draugh of 1 m making it suitable for maneuvering in shallow waters ranging from around the river mouth to the coast and small inter-island straits. And these X18 is supported by two MAN-made diesel engines able to generate power of 1,200 hp to drive a pair of MJP450 waterjet with a maximum speed of 40 knots (74 kph) for sail as far as 2,000 miles (3,218 km).

In its mission, these X18 Tank Boat will be manned by six crew members, besides being used as a water patrol vehicle, it can also be used as a support vessel in an amphibious operations or troop infiltration because the X18 can carry 20 fully armed soldiers and also one Rigid Inflatable Boat (RIB). Another function of the X18 is as a vehicle for logistical support or the role of Medevac.
As quoted of Angkasa Review on July 2018, the Indonesian government through the Ministry of Defense has been ordered this tank boat in 2017, and currently the construction process is being carried out at the PT.Lundin shipbuilding facility in Banyuwangi. In addition to fulfilling orders from the Indonesian government, the X18 'Antasena' has also been in demand by the United Arab Emirates and Egypt.

The X18 Tank Boat 'Antasena' will be sold with a selling price per unit in the range of 10-15 million, or equivalent to Rp.160-240 billion depending on the completeness weaponaries and equiptments carried by the ship.. *** [EKA | FROM VARIOUS SOURCES | TANKBOAT.COM]
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Saturday, January 7, 2017

Is it true that there are other factors besides ice that triggered the Titanic tragedy?

The tragedy of the sinking of the Titanic on April 15, 1912 is still a debate despite having lasted more than a century ago. 

Recently, in a documentary entitled 'Titanic: The New Evidence' that aired on Channel 4 in the UK, a journalist and writer named Senan Molony outlines the causes of the sinking of the Titanic.
(Pictured: RMS Titanic) New evidence suggests there was something very wrong with the Titanic before the iceberg. (Picture from: http://adf.ly/1hcr39)
"It was not as simple as collision with an iceberg and sank. It's a combination of many factors, such as fire, ice, and negligence," said Molony as quoted by Science Alert, on Tuesday, January 3, 2017.

The sinking factors of the Titanic is often overlooked is the fire. The Titanic photographs were auctioned showed black spots. Based on the photos, Molony said the black spots on the ship located near the coal bunker number six after the ship left Belfast in Northern Ireland bound for Southampton on the south coast of England.
New photos show dark marks on the hull, seen here near the centre of the image, just to the right of a group of people. (Picture from: http://adf.ly/1hcr39)
The flame heats the walls of the vessel to a temperature of 1,000 degrees Celsius. High temperature makes the vessel wall became soft and not strong enough to survive when struck an iceberg.

"We had a metallurgist who said that the steel that reaches high temperatures will be fragile, its strength is reduced 75 percent," said Molony.

The sinking of the Titanic because of a fire ever put forward by Roben Essenhigh of Ohio State University in 2004. Titanic has been known to move faster than they should. Essenhigh said the ship fast motion may be triggered by an attempt to extinguish the fire.

Not all agree with the fire factors on the sinking of the Titanic. The British Titanic Society, David Hill, said, "The fire is definitely there."

"Does it have a big impact? In my opinion it does not make any difference. It just shows that after all these years, the old ship is still presenting new facts," he said. *** [EKA | FROM VARIOUS SOURCES | SCIENCE ALERT]
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