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Wednesday, March 24, 2021

It's the 1st Jawa's (race) cars of the 1930s

This manufacturing company that carries the old brand of Jawa is known to have originated in the Czech Republic and is very famous for its production of two-wheeled vehicles. We have even discussed some of these two-wheeled vehicle products, including Jawa Nanuk, Jawa Cezeta, and most recently Jawa Perak and many others. But did you know that they had also ever built the cars even qualified race cars in the 1930s?
This is Jawa 750 race car, the first Czechoslovakia and Czech made race car was specially built to take part in the 1000 miles of Czechoslovakia in 1935. (Picture from: Evolution.skf.com)
As we all know, the company was founded by Ing. František Janeček who initially produced military equipment until 1927. Then he acquired the Wanderer motorcycle brand owned by a German company called Winklhofer & Jaenicke. So that the Prague-based manufacturer later made their-owned brand was JAWA which was taken by combining the first letters JAneček and WAnderer.
The first Jawa small passenger car called Jawa 700 built in the 1934 under license of DKW Meisterklasse. (Picture from: Nodum.org)
Their first motorcycle was made after the manufacturer obtained a license to produce the Wanderer 500 OHV under their-owned brand in 1929. Four years later the company also managed to get a license for the DKW Meisterklasse car. The Prague-based manufacturer introduced its first small passenger car under their-owned brand called Jawa 700 in 1934, so far the car known as the most famous car label before the war.
Here they are 6 units of the 750 Jawa race cars (3 coupes and roadsters) while in posed shortly after those cars completed to build in front of the factory in Prague in 1935. (Picture from: Auto-Zine.com)
Then what about a race car? Well, as previously mentioned, Jawa had ever made several racing car models and later known as the Jawa 750. The classic race cars of 1930s especially the coupe version, touted as the best Czechoslovakia and Czech made cars not only during the pre-war, but also post-war times.
One of the Jawa 750 roadsters while on action at the 1000 miles Czechoslovakia racing event in 1935. (Picture from: Auto-Zine.com)
As quoted of the Auto-Zine, the race car was specially built to take part in the 1000 miles of Czechoslovakia in 1935, that's famous race at that time organized by the Automobile Club of the Czechoslovak Republic. Reportedly the endurance race covered a total distance of 1,600 km across Prague, Cologne, Germany Brod, Jihlava, Great Meziříčí, Brno, Breclav, Bratislava, and go back, which pilots have completed twice, without a break and in full operation.

Although the Jawa actually wanted to participate in those event since the previous year by using the Jawa 700 race cars (single body with coupe and roadster body). However, approaching the day of competition, then they canceled the participation due to car's engine problems. In the following year, they prepared as many as 6 red-colored race cars, consisting of 3 roadsters and 3 coupes.
The Jawa 750 coupe version sat on display at the Národní Technické Muzeum (National Technical Museum) in Prague, Czech Republic since after its restoration completed in the 2005. (Picture from: Nodum.org)
Then, what is those race car looks like? The Jawa 750 is rather small with a length of only 3,650 mm and very narrow. Its body is made of sheet of metal, formed around a wooden frame. The aerodynamic shape is pleasing to the eye and at glance looks similar to the Bugatti. Being to be a sleek race car is so important, even the Jawa 750 doesn't have mirrors or doorknobs, besides to maintain the weight is also important, the car screen only has one windshield wiper. In terms of weight, the Jawa 750 coupe has a weighs only 705 kg while the roadster version is 5 kg lighter.
The Jawa 750 race car body is made of sheet of metal, formed around a wooden frame and its aerodynamic shape is pleasing to the eye and at glance looks similar to the Bugatti. (Picture from: Nodum.org)
The Jawa 750 race car carries a 750 cc water-cooled two-cylinder two-stroke engine which is actually only capable of producing 26 bhp of power. Then those small engine powers is used to drive the front wheels through the 3-speed manual transmission system. Then what about the performance, it's said that the car can run up to a top speed of 120 kph, while the average speed during the race reaches 83.7 kph.
The Jawa 750 coupe has a weighs only 705 kg while the roadster version is 5 kg lighter. (Picture from: Evolution.skf.com)
Not only that, besides winning the 1000 miles of Czechoslovakia racing event in its class, the Jawa 750 race cars turned out fill the entire podium too! This was enough to make them grab the President's award for most successful team. Unfortunately, the Prague-based manufacturer cannot be defended the titles. Due to the worsening economical and political situation globally, so the event organizer decided to abolish the racing event in the following year.😌
The Jawa manufacturer did not stop there and continued to be involved in the racing world, but this time through their motorcycles. And among the Jawa 750 race cars ever made, today there are several survived cars and is fell into the hands of automotive collectors, unfortunately most of them rot, rust and died. And one of the survived car came into the hands of the Národní Technické Muzeum (National Technical Museum) in Prague in 1992. In the comemmoration of 70th anniversary of its legendary glory, the Jawa 750 race car was restored in the 2005 and revealed to the museum visitors after completetion. *** [EKA | FROM VARIOUS SOURCES | NTM.CZ | AUTO-ZINE.COM | EVOLUTON.SKF.COM | NODUM.ORG ]
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