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Saturday, January 4, 2014

10 Unique Concept cars of the 20th century (Part-1)

Every year, the automotive manufacturers vying to create a future vehicles concept. They are trying to attract the attention of potential customers by showing that technological advances will be applied to the vehicle.

With the issue of global warming, the concept is commonly offered around vehicles with alternative fuels and environmentally friendly. However, when seen backwards, the automotive creators in the 20th century has also created the concept of future vehicles. What kind of vehicle concepts? Here we show the first list of five unique vehicle concepts of the 20th century,

5. 1953 Alfa Romeo Berlinetta Aerodinamica Tecnica 5
The famous and renowned coachbuilder Bertone was tasked by Alfa Romeo to build an aerodynamic experimentation to measure the effects of streamlining on a car's performance. The vehicle was dubbed the B.A.T. 5 representing 'Berlinetta Aerodinamica Tecnica'. 'Berlinetta' means 'small sedan' or more precisely, 'coupe.' 
1953 Alfa Romeo Berlinetta Aerodinamica Tecnica 5 (Picture from: http://www.nytimes.com/)
The design featured rear fenders and curved fins, truly a unique design. It was built upon an Alfa Romeo 1900 chassis. As the name suggests, this car uses aerodynamics and lightweight technology so as to achieve maximum speed. BAT 5 can reach speeds of 200 kph.

The car body is made of a mixture of aluminum and iron material which is strong but lightweight. Although it did not get rave reviews from consumers, at least Bertone has solved the problem with perfect aerodynamics on this car..

4 . 1954 Ford FX-Atmos
Ford FX-Atmos concept was first introduced at the 1954 Chicago Auto Show. The car concept in the predicted predicted would be the benchmark for cars of the future. The Ford FX Atmos was an attempt to cross the boundaries of design and conventional thinking. It was even envisioned to be powered by nuclear power. There were two joysticks on either side of the driver which controlled the vehicle. The driver's seating was central with the passengers sitting on either side and back.
1954 Ford FX-Atmos. (Picture from: http://www.conceptcarz.com/)
The most interesting device is Roadarscope on its steering wheel that serves as a detector of other vehicles such as the aircraft radar. As we know, many cars are now equipped with GPS, it looks like the alleged of Ford's drafter into reality.

3. 1954 Pontiac Bonneville Special
In the 1950s, Americans were fascinated by the future. Newspapers and magazines were full of stories about futuristic technology and their imagery. Car companies were quick to capitalize on this trend and offered a dazzling variety of fantastic, futuristic show cars, some of which toured with the annual General Motors Motoramas. One of these special cars was the Pontiac Bonneville Special.

Renowned GM designer Harley Earl was inspired by a trip to the Bonneville salt flats. He wanted to create a car which captured the essence of the Bonneville racers and show the public that Pontiac was leading the industry in innovative thinking.
1954 Pontiac Bonneville Special. (Picture from: http://www.futurliner.com/)
Designed as Pontiac's answer to the Chevrolet Corvette, the flashy 1954 Bonneville Special conveys a look of high speed. Following the trend of jet-age styling, the Bonneville features a distinctive aircraft-style Plexiglas bubble top with gull-wing glass door tops over the cockpit and the a radical continental kit, designed to look like a jet turbine.

2. 1955 Ghia Gilda Streamline X Coupe
The 1955 Ghia Gilda Coupe Concept was built for the 1955 Turin Motor Show in Italy. It was a styling exercise designed by Savonuzzi (an individual formerly with Cisitalia). It was powered by a OSCA engine that displaced 1491cc and was claimed to have a top speed of 140 mph.

The car was put on the European show circuit. After its tour, it was given to the Henry Ford Museum in Dearborn, Michigan. It was shipped to America in October 1955.
1955 Ghia Gilda Streamline X Coupe (Picture from: http://blogdocamaro.blogspot.com/)
Its importance was derived from the studies of aerodynamics through wind tunnel tests conducted at the Turin Polytechnic and it had a decisive influence on the evolution of the styling of American cars in that period.

1. 1956 Buick Centurion 3
The Buick Centurion Concept was first shown to the public at the 1956 Motorama Show. The body was constructed from fiberglass and the interior was inspired from the cockpit of an airplane. The bubble top roof was a bold and dynamic design move. The aerodynamic features of the car began in the front and gently flowed through the rest of the vehicle and to the rear. The two-tone paint scheme was accented by its white-wall tires and red interior.
1956 Buick Centurion 3. (Picture from: http://v2.globalwebcart.com/)
Power was from a 325 horsepower V8 engine that was hidden under the long hood that sloped toward the front and the grille. The headlights were recessed far behind the bumper, and were part of the body shell. The inside passengers received fresh air front he twin air scoops positioned near the sides.

The rear of the car was just as revolutionary, featuring 'wing-type' fenders that would later be seen on the 1959 Chevrolets and Buick models. There was a television camera in the rear that would report traffic to the driver via a television screen mounted in the dashboard. The inside was trimmed in red leather and brushed bright metal. When the doors were opened, the front seats automatically slide back, offering additional room for easy entry and exit. (Jump to next article.) *** [EKA | FROM VARIOUS SOURCES | CONCEPTCARZ | GALIH PAKUAN | PIKIRAN RAKYAT 03012013]
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