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Showing posts with label Archaeology. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Archaeology. Show all posts

Wednesday, November 23, 2016

Revealing the largest ancient sea monster in Antarctica

Approximately 66 million years ago, an ancient sea monster that has a very large size roughly the size of a five-story building once dominated the dark Antarctic marine life. Those sea creature called the mosasaur, an aquatic reptiles that lived during the Cretaceous period. One of its characteristics is the use of its limbs like tail for paddling.

Unfortunately, there is not plenty of evidence that can be used to uncover these sea monsters. Until the end of an expedition was held to find evidence of the continuation of the specimen.
Kaikaifilu hervei was as long as a five-story building is tall. See the human for scale. (Picture from: http://adf.ly/1fq3Fj)
For days the researchers who are members of the Chilean Paleontology Expedition try their luck to get a mosasaur fossil. But before the days of their trip, in the middle of a storm and bad weather the researchers did not find any. Had felt desperate and consider their journey in vain, until finally they managed to find a mosasaur skull on Seymour Island in January 2011.

This discovery became the long-awaited given this specimen was the second fossils found in Antarctica. But unlike before, this time the mosasaur fossils have very large size. It is based on the size of the anatomy of the skull found with a width of 4 feet or 1.2 meters. While the entire body of reptiles stretches about 33 feet (10 m), making it the largest marine predators in the region.

Researchers also gave the name 'Kaikaifilu hervei.' In which Kai-Kai-filu is the myth of the culture of the Mapuche in Southern Chile and Argentina, which means the giant reptiles were in charge of the oceans. While the hervei word derives from the name Francisco Herve, a Chilean geologist and also an Antarctica adventurer.
Researchers found the mosasaur Kaikaifilu hervei in Cretaceous-age rocks on Seymour Island in Antarctica (upper left). Kaikaifilu was quite large. See the human for scale (upper right). Paleontologists struggled through Antarctica's extreme climate when they excavated the specimen (lower right). The muddy site where experts found Kaikaifilu (bottom left). (Picture from: http://adf.ly/1fq3Fj)
"Previously, evidence of the existence of such gigantic size mosasaur like Kaikafilu hervei was unknown. Yet Antarctica has an abundant amount of plesiosaur," said Rodrigo Otero, a palaeontologist from the University of Chile as quoted by LiveScience on Wednesday, November 9, 2016.

Plesiosaurs was a long-necked marine reptiles that became the main prey of Kaikafilu hervei. Although now Antarctica is a cold continent, but when the dinosaur age the conditions are much warmer. A group of swimming animals in the region to make a food haven for Kaikafilu hervei.

This research has been published online on November 4, 2016 in the journal Cretaceous Research. *** [EKA | FROM VARIOUS SOURCES | LIVESCIENCE]
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Monday, November 21, 2016

Here she is the face of ancient Egyptian woman might look

A 2,300 year-old mummified head has reconstructed by the researchers from the University of Melbourne in collaboration with Monash University. The result is not only useful, but also reveals how beauty the face of woman of ancient Egyptian.

To reconstruct, firstly the forensic researcher from Monash University conducted a CT Scan procedures. Technique was performed to identify the sex of the mummy, help to estimate its age, and obtain the detail to create the replica of mummy by 3D printer.
Researchers have just reconstructed a 2,300-year-old Egyptian mummy's face. (Picture from: http://adf.ly/1fvpGW)
Of the CT scan revealed that the mummy was about 2,300 years old or estimated lived in year of 300 BC. Then the mummy was identified as a woman. The researchers called the woman who had been mummified known as Meritamun.

Armed with the results of CT scans, the researchers asked for help a forensic sculptor named Jennifer Mann. And then, she was accurately reconstructs the face of the woman by using the clay material. The results were very surprising, really a woman who has a beautiful face.
A skull replica made by using 3D printer. (Picture from: http://adf.ly/1fvpGW)
However Warsha Pilbrow, a member of the research team from the University of Melbourne, revealed that the most important of these reconstruction is not a pretty face of the ancient Egyptian woman. "The main idea of ​​this project is to use heritage and turn it back by using new technologies," she said.

"In this way, the mummy could be an interesting object to be exhibited. And also through the mummy, the students can learn about the signs deadly diseases specific on the anatomy of the human body as well as learn how the population is affected by the environment," she added as quoted by Science Alert on Saturday, September 3, 2016.
How the University of Melbourne could have the mummified head. The skull was allegedly brought to Australia in early 1900 by an archaeologist who studied anatomy named Frederich Wood Jones. Mann who was reconstructs the face of the ancient Egyptian woman also amazed because these mummy still was preserved in well condition after two millennia. *** [EKA | FROM VARIOUS SOURCES | SCIENCE ALERT]
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Friday, November 11, 2016

The fossil of birdlike dinosaurs found in China

More than 66 million years ago, a feathered dinosaurs have thin legs and a bony above his head, stuck in the mud. The poor beast struggling to be free from puddles of wet soil, until finally it gave up and died. Carcass then petrified. As fossils.

Dinosaur that has the size of a donkey, known as oviraptorosaurus (ancient bird-like creature), its preservation is almost intact. It was found to be lying, chest stuck on the ground, while the neck and wings stretched taut. As with other oviraptorosaurus (a close cousin to modern birds) can not fly, but it has a toothless sharp beaks that can devour shells, plants, nuts, also eggs.
The bird-like dinosaur Tongtianlong limosus likely died after getting stuck in the mud. (Picture from: http://adf.ly/1fYZiC)
"The creature posture, with a head stand, wings outstretched on each side so the show as if it was trying to escape," said one paleontologist from the University of Edinburgh, Steve Brusatte as quoted by LiveScience on Friday, November 11, 2016.

"The signs that make us think, it got stuck in the mud and trying to get out." The fossil was discovered by Chinese construction workers a few years ago in Jiangxi Province. The workers almost blew the fossils to pieces by using dynamite. At that time, they were installing explosives in the process of making the foundation for a high school building.
The posture of Tongtianlong limosus suggests it was stuck in the mud, and an analysis of the bones shows it was neither attacked nor scavenged by other animals. (Picture from: http://adf.ly/1fYZiC)
"Dynamite destroys a bit the back of the fossil, but fortunately the other parts survived," added Brusatte. "We almost never know the existence of these dinosaurs." The construction workers then notify their findings to the museum. Then Chinese paleontologists examined. The findings were then published in the scientific journal Nature Scientific.

Because of its death in the middle of the mud, the researchers named it 'Tongtianlong limosus' which could be interpreted as 'muddy dragon on the road to heaven'. Brusatte added, Tongtianlong limosus similarly sized cow or donkey.
A conservator works alongside the Tongtianlong limosus skeleton. (Picture from: http://adf.ly/1fYZiC)
"Basically they are the last group of dinosaurs that evolved before the asteroid hits the Earth," he said further. The researchers from China and the United Kingdom argues, the fossil has important meaning to provides insight into the evolutionary transition from dinosaurs to birds.

Because, "modern birds descended from dinosaurs," Brusatte said as quoted by the BBC. "Dinosaurs like Tongtianlong limosus provide the clues related to the ancestors of modern birds," he added. *** [EKA | FROM VARIOUS SOURCES | LIVESCIENCE]
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Thursday, November 10, 2016

An early clue about the existence of a mysterious Nazi base in the Arctic

More recently, Russian scientists claimed to have found the remains of the Nazi secret base on a remote island in the Arctic rim. There in Alexandra Land, they found more than 500 Nazi artifacts and this seemed to bring the team to believe that the place was originally only considered as the rumor, but in fact it was really exists.
Rusted shells were among 500 objects found at the abandoned outpost. (Picture from: http://adf.ly/1fTwoE)
The place in question is Schatzgraber.  Actually, the researchers have not ensure that the artifacts were found associated with the Nazis, but with the presence of the Nazi's swastika symbol on a few artifacts were found making the researchers believe.
Remarkably well-preserved documents were also found at the site. (Picture from: http://adf.ly/1fTwoE)
Though it has been documented in the book titled Wettertrupp Haudegen (1954), Schatzgraber or the 'Treasure Hunter' is never known to exist. It was said that the Schatzgraber built on direct orders of Adolf Hitler in 1942 right after the German attacked Russia.
The base was set up in 1942, apparently with the aim of gathering weather reports. (Picture from: http://adf.ly/1fTwoE)
It was a Nazi mysterious weather station in the Arctic. The secret base had operated briefly in 1943, but abandoned a year later. Due to the guards eat the meat of polar bears were not cooked well and contaminated with worms.
A team of Russian scientists from the Russian Arctic National Park came across more than 500 relics on Alexandra Land - a remote, uninhabited island north of Russia. (Picture from: http://adf.ly/1fTuwY)
Russian researchers arguably was the first to find the physical evidence of Schatzgraber. They found discarded petrol canisters, bullets, ruins of bunkers, shoes, and a batch of paper documents that have apparently been well-preserved by the island's icy climate.
The base was abandoned by its crew when they fell ill after eating polar bear meat. (Picture from: http://adf.ly/1fTwoE)
"Initially we only know Schatzgraber from written sources only, but now we have real evidence," said, Evgeny Ermolov, one researcher, as quoted by Science Alert on Wednesday, November 3, 2016.
"Now we can get in on the data in this scientific revolution, finding evidence, develop and prove the existence of the German military operations in the Arctic during World War II," he added.

Many people believe that Schatzgraber not just an usual weather station but the part of a secret Nazi mission to find an ancient relic. And this research might be the starting point to uncover it. *** [EKA | FROM VAROUS SOURCES | THE SUN | SCIENCE ALERT]
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Tuesday, November 1, 2016

The rare findings of the brain fossil will help to see the Dinosaur's behaviour

Scientists have long wondered to what exists in the brains of dinosaurs when they roam in the forests of Cretaceous era to stalk and ambush prey, or when incubating their eggs? The paleontologists step closer to guessing the answer by the discoveries of dinosaur's brain fossil. This finding is the first time in the world.

As quoted of LiveScience on Friday, October 28, 2016, turned out to have a brain-sized dinosaurs were very small when compared to the very large body. The findings were similar to the findings of a small pebble and discovered by the fossil hunters in Sussex, England, more than a decade ago.
Dinosaurs brain fossil displays distinct similarities to the brains of modern-day crocodiles and birds. (Picture from: http://adf.ly/1fGO51)
Findings of dinosaur's soft tissue was a rarity because the substance decays more quickly than other types of tissues. In fact, the dinosaurs lived about 66 million years ago. According to the researchers, the soft tissue is essentially acidified (such as pickles) when the dinosaurs died so that its brain is very well preserved.

David Norman, a scientist at the University of Cambridge, said through a statement, "We suspect that happened was when the dinosaurs died with its body in or near of water, and the head buried in the sediment at the bottom of the water."

"Since water has okisgen and in that time was highly acidic, the soft tissue in the brain is considered preserved and hardened before all the bodies buried in the sediment."
Illustrating the biological context for the brain tissue. (Picture from: http://adf.ly/1fGO51)
By using a scanning electron microscope (SEM), the researchers recognize different structures in the gravel-sized tissues. This microscope type produces the images with outstanding detail through the bursts movement of electrons in an object.
The researchers detail what part of the dinosaur's brain the tissue came from. (Picture from: http://adf.ly/1fGO51)
In the resulting images, the researchers can see the meninges, the tissues covering the brain, a pinch of collagen and blood vessels, and structures believed to be the cerebral cortex, the outer layer of the brain.

Norman and his colleagues determined that the brain tissue that seem to come from a similar species of Iguanodon, which is a large herbivorous dinosaur that lived during the early Cretaceous era, about 133 million years ago.
Based on the structures seen in the fossilized brain, the researchers said it is consistent with modern reptiles.. (Picture from: http://adf.ly/1fGO51)
The structure seen in the brain tissues fossil shown similarity with the existing structure in the brains of birds and crocodiles, both are descended from the dinosaurs in the present.

Norman as told to the LiveScience, "It's structure is similar to that normally found in reptiles. This finding does not indicate that the dinosaurs were smart enough, for example seen their brains do not fully meet the cavities of the brain."

Some dinosaurs thought to have a fairly large brain, for example in some types that the ancestor of modern birds, but, according to Norman, the fossil findings do not indicate such measures.

And the researchers warn, we're not to draw the conclusions about the intelligence of dinosaurs is only based on the fossil. They suspect that this dinosaur, and also from their relatives, have fairly complex behavior. The researchers wrote that, "It is reasonable to expect that similar Iguanodon dinosaur groups is quite complex behavior (at least as modern crocodiles)."

The findings are published in the October 27, 2016 in Special Publication of the Geological Society of London in honor of Martin Brasier of the University of Oxford who died in 2014. Brasier and Norman to coordinate research on the fossils for several years before Brasier died in a traffic accident.. *** [EKA | FROM VARIOUS SOURCES | LIVESCIENCE]
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Tuesday, October 25, 2016

A giant dinosaurs found in Australia

Scientists announced the discovery of the giant dinosaurs on Friday, October 21, 2016. The findings further clarify the origin of the four-legged dinosaurs (sauropods) in Australia. The dinosaur had a long neck was named Savannasaurus elliottorum

Her name refers to David Elliott, Chairman of the Australian Age of Dinosaurs Museum (AAOD) in Queensland, and is the first person who discovered the dinosaur in 2005.
Savannasaurus elliottorum was found in Queensland during a sheep muster. (Picture from: http://adf.ly/1f3VhV)
Identification of the giant dinosaur is not easy. AAOD team and the Queensland Museum has been digging since September 2005. However, it took a decade to remove the bones out of the rocks where deposited.
Reconstruction of the new dinosaur Savannasaurus elliottorum showing the bones discovered. (Picture from: http://adf.ly/1f3Vah)
Dr. Stephen Poropat of AAOD in the publication in the journal Scientific Report states that Savannasaurus entered in the class of titanosaurs, the largest land animals that ever lived on Earth. Until now, 20-25 per cent of the animal skeletons have been found. Most of the torso, front legs, and pelvis. "Because they are animals that are very large, then of course it takes time for the sediment to bury before the predator comes," says Poropat.
Dr Stephen Poropat with five giant back bones from Savannasaurus elliottorum. (Picture from: http://adf.ly/1f3Vah)
Savannasaurus expected to be a medium size titanosaurs, has a long neck and a short tail. By the length of 12-15 meters, half the length of another dinosaur called diplodocus. According to Poropat, the most prominent characteristic of savannasaurus is the hip with the size of up to 1.5 meters.

The origins of Australia's titanosaurs
Besides Savannasaurus, Poropat also find other dinosaur, Diamantinasaurus matildae. The dinosaurs were first discovered in 2009 that included the first sauropod found in the land of kangaroos.

And the discovery of new species of Savannasaurus and Diamantinasaurus again reviving the debates over the origins of Autralia's titanosaurs. The previous study of Australian megafauna stated, that the Australia's titanosaurs most similar to dinosaurs from Laurasia, ancient continent in the northern hemisphere.
A partial skull of this beast, Diamantinasaurus matildae, was also found by the researchers. (Picture from: http://adf.ly/1f3Vah)
However, Dr Poropat said, it is not unreasonable given the location of the two super continent Gondwana and Laurasia were miles apart. And he said the newly study shows Savannasaurus and Diamantinasaurus actually more closely related to species from South America.

"Assume that the Australian dinosaur shows closer relationship with the dinosaurs of Europe and Asia are always confusing," he said.

"With the improved record of fossils in South America as well as Australia fossil record continues to increase, our understanding about the closeness of our dinosaurs with the dinosaurs from South America to be better," he added.

Futhermore, Dr. Poropat said that the Savannasaurus expected to come to Australia about 105 million years ago from South America. Titanosaurs utilize global warm temperatures at that time to leave South America via Antarctica to Australia when the three of the continents were still connected.

An important publication
Dr. Adam Yates, a senior Earth Sciences curator at the Museum Northern Territory, believes the findings in the paper was valid. "This paper is important because previously nobody ever seriously thought about how we could get the dinosaurs as we have, so I think it's significant," he said.

Titanosaurs represents one of the "last gray area" in human understanding of the story of the dinosaurs. "They're everywhere and are found throughout the world. However, the fossils are often incomplete, and consequently our understanding of the interrelationships of different titanosaurs quite confusing and we do not have a pretty good family tree about them," he said.

Dr Yates said, the titanosaurs migration from South America is much more reasonable. Titanosaurs is a group of dinosaurs were relatively young and has not spread up to the Cretaceous era. "When the time comes, the only land route to Australia is through the Antarctic," said Dr. Yates. *** [EKA | FROM VARIOUS SOURCES | ABC NEWS]
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Sunday, October 23, 2016

An ancient Frankenstein's creature trapped in amber

Researchers have recently discovered a mysterious insect trapped in amber for 100 million years. Unlike other insects that ever lived on Earth, this insect has a strange appearance. Its face was like a wasp but it does not have wings, legs like a grasshopper legs and antennae resembling ants belong. Then the researchers the 'Frankenstein's creature' named Aptenoperissus burmanicus.

"When I saw the insect for the first time, I can not explain, what is that," said George Poinar Jr., a researcher from the University of Oregon as quoted by LiveScience, on Monday, October 17, 2016.
An ancient wingless wasp that lived during the Cretaceous Era was was recently discovered trapped in amber. The weird creature is unlike any insect known to scientists. It had the body of a cockroach, the legs of a grasshopper, the antenna of an ant and the face of a wasp. (Picture from: http://adf.ly/1eztTe)
"We could see that the insects were tough and deadly. We have to categorize it in a new family because it does not fit in with another insect families," added Poinar who also the expert of amber preserved fossils.

These strange insect specimens were found in the Hukawng valley in Myanmar. Once I found the creature, Poinar directly discuss with the experts from various backgrounds. All confused.

"Once they seen this fossil from their standpoint of expertise, they see it as something different," said Poinar.

"Its strong grasshoppers legs, then we can call it a grasshopper. Then the antennae appear like ants, a thick stomach resembles the cockroaches but the face is largely similar to wasps. We finally decided this is another kind of Hymenoptera," said Poinar. And then he put it in a new family of insects named Aptenoperissidae.

Researchers do not know more about how this strange insect life. It is not clear why these insects extinct anyway. Even so, this kind allegedly extinct because of his inability to fly. The origins of these insects still mysterious. It extinct without leaving an evolution trace. There's no known close relatives, either past or present. What a pity.! *** [EKA | FROM VARIOUS SOURCES | LIVESCIENCE]
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Saturday, October 22, 2016

Unravel the puzzle of magical architectural sites in Tondowongso

An ancient constructions with magical architecture found in the Tondowongso, Gayam village, Gurah subdistrict, Kediri. Now, the archaeologists of the Yogyakarta Archaeological Center (Balai Arkeologi Yogyakarta) is conducting in-depth researchs. The structure was discovered in late 2006 by the local residents when they digging the soil for land fill and making bricks.

The first phase of the research on the structure has been done in 2007 to 2014 ago. And on October 10 to 23, 2016, a team of archaeologists led by Sugeng Riyanto is conducting the second phase of research.
The Tondowongso structure. (Picture from: http://adf.ly/1ezmjO)
"However, further research seeks to uncover portions of the sacred complex," Sugeng said when met on the sidelines of excavation on Wednesday, October 19, 2016. The goal is to unravel the story of the site that is now full of riddles.

The structure is expected to cover an area of ​​land covering an area of ​​120-120 meters was said to be magical because of the plan and the architecture. The barriers that exist in it form a room measuring 3 x 3 meters, so there are 9 fields. If the assumptions drawn on the second area measuring of ​​350 meters x 300 meters, then the number of field-space gained is 81.

In the context of a religious symbol, the number of plan-field is similar to the Vastu Purusha Mandala concept, a magical architectural concept in Hinduism. The Hinduism building complex built with this concept that in order to prevent the anger of Vastu Purusha, the giant created by Brahma.
A worker cleans a structural part of the Tondowongso site in Kediri, East Java. (Picture from: http://adf.ly/1ezmjO)
Once upon a time, the giant is growing fast, furious, and devoured everything on Earth. Another god killed him but Brahma make him immortal. Beside, the Vastu Purusha Mandala being the answer to preventing the giant anger also consider other aspects of the cosmos, especially energy.

Part of the magnificent sites
Tondowongso structure had previously been studied by a team of Institute for Preservation of Cultural Heritage (Balai Pelestarian Cagar Budaya /BPCB) Mojokerto as well as the researchers from several universities. In a previous study came to the conclusion that the Tondowongso site has some similarities with the Temple Gurah structurally and statues.

The Temple Gurah is located 300 meters from the location of Tondowongso site and have been examined by an archaeologist in 1957 ago. The temple dating from the shift of the center of the kingdom from Central Java to East Java.

Because it has similarities with Temple Gurah, allegedly Tondowongso structure was also derived from the same period, precisely between Sindok reign (929 AD) to Kertajaya (1222 AD). Of carbon analysis revealed that the Tondowongso structure comes from 1006 AD. At that time, the king who ruled in Java is Dharmawangsa Tguh.

And the archaeologists believe that the Temple Gurah and Tondowongso structure equally the Hindu Shiva oriented not only from the same era, but are connected to one another. Both, together as one building allegedly as the gate located 300 meters from Tondowongso structure, which is a settlement complex of ancient Hindu.

Sugeng said the complex was really exotic although the conditions are no longer prime. In total, the area of ​​the complex is more than 12 hectares. Currently the Kediri district government has freed a land area of ​​1 hectare in Tondowongso so that the process of excavation can be done.

Suffered much
Not prime condition of the Tondowongso site is the result of the 'suffering' which experienced for thousands of years. The complex pass through various political dynamics, religious, to the dynamics of nature.

Approximately 1,000 years ago, Ken Arok conguered Kediri Kingdom. Because he came from a different dynasty and religious orientations. Ken Arok then moved the government from Daha to Tumapel. The king's religious conception further up to the offerings to the ancestors.

"It was an initial momentum where the complex began to suffer," said Sugeng Riyanto. Where originally the grand complex gradually but surely become less meaningful.

However, the most severe "suffering" experienced are due to natural factors. One of them is the eruption of Mount Kelud in 1334 AD as recorded in the great book of the Majapahit period titled Negarakertagama written by Mpu Prapanca. Volcanic material burying the site. Then afterward eruption that occurred in 1586 AD also adds to the problem.

Sugeng added, the Tondowongso site "suffering" also experienced when the Dutch government in the 15th century began to open up to the cane plantation to supply sugar to the country. They moved the river which was originally located in the north of the complex, which is then made to flow right into the middle of the complex to drain their cane land.

"That is why the structure that we found today, are broken or is not intact," said Sugeng who previously also reveal the existence of an ancient settlement in Liyangan, on the slopes of Mount Sindoro. *** [EKA | FROM VARIOUS SOURCES | SAINS KOMPAS]
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Tuesday, October 18, 2016

Is this the oldest observatory in the World?

An ancient site of the Australian Aborigines in a secret locations in the state of Victoria, Australia, is perhaps the oldest astronomical observatory in the world.

From a study revealed that the age of the site longer than the composition of the rocks of Stonehenge in England and the Great Pyramid of Giza in Egypt. The scientists studying the composition of rocks named 'Wurdi Youang' explained that the age of the site can be more than 11,000 years and give a clue to the origins of agriculture.
Three of the Wurdi Youang stones. (Picture from: http://adf.ly/1evTQh)
Duane Hamacher, a natives leading expert in astronomy, conducted a research in cooperation with Aboriginal elders in these locations in order to reconstruct their knowledge of the stars and planets.

"Some academics refer to the composition of the rocks here as Australia's version of Stonehenge," said Dr. Hamacher.

"I think the question we might ask: whether the Stonehenge in Britain are the Wurdi Youang version? Because it could be much older age," he said.
These rocks are thought to have once marked the Sun's journey throughout the year. (Picture from: http://adf.ly/1evTQh)
If that site is older than seven thousand years, it will change the historical record as well as further afield would dispute the notion that the first Australian all hunters and gatherers were nomadic. The scientists also believe the composition of the rocks was able to map the movement of the sun throughout the year.

An Aboriginal elders, Reg Abrahams, said that the area around the observatory was apparently had a semi-permanent settlements with evidence the fishing and farming activities.

"If you make the arrangement of rocks that could mark the seasons of the year based on the solstice and equinox (phenomenon due to the false movement of the Sun crossed the equator), would make sense if in a year you spend more time in a particular location to do it," he said.

"If so, surely it makes sense if you are in the permanent sources of food and water," said Abrahams. He says there is an area that shows the location of trapping eels there is even a sign-dike embankment used for farming.

"You can find the practice of agriculture and aquaculture, so that evidence of agricultural activity is possible age for decades, predating what anthropologists call an early farming 11 thousand years ago in Mesopotamia," he explained.

Dr. Hamacher added, the first Australian in the early days has a complex knowledge systems. "They understand well the movement of the sun, moon, planets and stars throughout the year for a long period of time," he explained.

"Australians white people generally do not know that colonialism has erased all that. What we do now is to help people collect the information through cooperation with the public," he said.

An Aboriginal named Judy Dalton-Walsh said that the research on this site and Aboriginal astronomy intended that such knowledge can be inherited.

"In school we learn the European names for the stars and the Milky Way. Glad also because we know that traditionally even have a name for it. Our gods is up there in the stars," she said.. *** [EKA | FROM VARIOUS SOURCES | ABC NEWS | SCIENCE ALERT]
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Tuesday, October 11, 2016

Scientists announce the discovery of the largest dinosaur in Brazil

Brazilian scientists announced the discovery of a dinosaur with a length of 25 meters, the largest ever found in the country.

The dinosaur named Austroposeidon magnificus it entered the group of titanosaurs, herbivorous dinosaur whose body is well developed with a long neck and tail, as well as the skull is relatively small, according to scientists at the Earth Sciences Museum in Rio de Janeiro.
(Image for pictorial representation). Some of the largest dinosaurs lived in Brazil! (Picture from: http://adf.ly/1eiS1g)
These dinosaurs are believed to have lived in the Cretaceous period (145-66 million years ago) in what is now part of South America, Africa, Antarctica and Oceania.
Photo taken on Oct. 5, 2016 shows fossils of a dinosaur named "Austroposeidon Magnificus" in the Museum of Earth Sciences in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. (Picture from: http://adf.ly/1eiSBf)
The fossil of vertebrate dinosaur was discovered in 1950 by Brazilian paleontologist Llewellyn Ivor Price, who died in 1980 with no recognition of his discovery.
Vertebrae of the ‘Austroposeidon magnificus’ dinosaur are displayed at the Earth Sciences Museum, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. (Picture from: http://adf.ly/1eiS1g)
Since then, the fossil has been analyzed and studied until the recent discovery announced on Wednesday, October 5, 2016 according to News China, Thursday, October 6, 2016.. *** [EKA | FROM VARIOUS SOURCES | XINHUA.NET | THE GUARDIAN]
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