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Monday, July 6, 2015

The strongest natural materials

The teeth of the common limpet species (Patella vulgata) are tougher than Kevlar and stronger than spider silk, researchers report in the Feb. 18 issue of The Royal Society journal Interface.
Limpet teeth are made of the mineral goethite set in a chitin matrix. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/1LbIfV6)
Asa Barber, a  professor of mechanical engineering at the University of Portsmouth in England proving that the sea snails have teeth that made of the most strongest material. Bodied vegetarian snails average of five centimeters turned out to be stronger than spider webs, titanium, or kevlar.

The teeth have a protein composition frame and goethite fiber content. Goethite is a kind of oxide minerals commonly found in soil and low temperature environment. This mineral is a constituent material of iron ore.
A microscopic view of limpet teeth. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/1LbIfV6)
To separate the teeth in the laboratory, Barber requires a pressure of 6.5 Gigapascal (GPa). While cobwebs requires 4.5 GPa and kevlar only 3-3.5 GPa.
Hopefully, the discovery of the material in the teeth of sea snails is able to give birth to a strong material, but mild. Such technology can be beneficial, especially in the automotive field. *** [EKA | FROM VARIOUS SOURCES | LIVESCIENCE]
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