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Tuesday, February 28, 2012

Researchers Found Two New Types of Blood

University of Vermont researchers found two new types of blood containing a specific protein molecule introduction. This discovery could explain cases of failure experienced by blood transfusion medicine.
New blood types: The discovery of the Langereis and Junior blood groups will have a major impact on patients needing blood transfusions. (Picture from: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/)

Researchers tested red blood that has been purified by the French National Institute for Blood Transfusion, and then examine its contents by using a mass spectrometer. This search led to the identification of two new types of proteins, namely ABCB6 and ABCG2 in the red blood sample.

Both are expected to closely related to blood type langereis and junior researchers are not yet widely known. "All this blood type is determined by the 30 types of proteins. Now the number had grown to 32," says a biologist from the University of Vermont, Bryan Ballif, yesterday.
Team leader: Professor Bryan Ballif, of the University of Vermont's department of Biology. (Picture from: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/)
These findings are significant because the protein in red blood cells was found last time a decade ago. However, the identified proteins have not been able to explain the phenomenon of failure in certain ethnic transfusion. In Japan, 50 thousand people are expected to have blood type Junior negative and often misbehave when they have received a blood transfusion.
Life-saving find: The identification of the two new blood groups will benefit the more than 50,000 Japanese people who are thought to be Junior negative. (Picture from: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/)

The two of new types of protein is also more resistant to anticancer drugs. Further studies of the protein is expected to help cure breast cancer patients or other types of cancer.

After announcing the results of his research, the researcher returned to the laboratory in France to provide confirmation of these two proteins link with blood type langereis and junior.

More people know the ABO and Rh blood type. In fact, there are 28 other types of blood are known by the International Blood Transfusion Society. Blood type is given a unique name, such as Duffy, Kidd, Diego, and Lutheran. Langereis and junior but has not been included in the list even though it is often observed in the case of pregnant women and their babies. *** [SCIENCEDAILY | ANTON WILLIAM | KORAN TEMPO 3807] 
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