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Thursday, May 5, 2016

Cosmic particles reveal the secrets of Egyptian pyramids

The internal structure of the ancient Egyptian pyramids revealed for the first time by a team of international researchers by using the cosmic particles. The innovative technology was applied to the 4,500 years-old Bent Pyramid that built under the Old Kingdom Pharaoh Sneferu.

Previously, there is speculation that the remains of Pharaoh Sneferu located inside the pyramid in an undiscovered burial chamber. However, the innovative technologies, ScanPyramids, has denied this hypothesis. From the scan results, not detected no additional chamber of the same size with the upper chamber.
The Bent pyramid was built under the Old Kingdom Pharaoh Sneferu (about  2600 BC), located at the royal necropolis of Dahshur, about 25 miles south of Cairo. (Picture from: http://adf.ly/1ZuSXz)
According to the researchers, who presented the results at Cairo to the Minister of Antiquities, Khaled El-Enany, and former minister Mamdouh El-Damaty, showed very good results because it shows the inside of monuments such as the use of X-rays.
A 3-D cutaway shows the interior of the Bent Pyramid. (Picture from: http://adf.ly/1ZuSXz)
The Bent Pyramid is the first pyramid was investigated by using the ScanPyramids. The technology created a team from Cairo University and a Paris-based non-profit organization, named Heritage, Innovation and Preservation (HIP Institute).

As quoted by Discovery News on Thursday, April 28, 2016, the technology combines a wide range of innovative things, such as infrared, muon radiography and 3D reconstruction. The innovative technology was highly dependent on the muon, the cosmic particles that permanently and naturally bombard the Earth, which can penetrate the material is very deep.
Illustration of the Bent Pyramid internal structure. (Picture from: http://adf.ly/1ZuSFv)
Muons coming from the upper layers of Earth's atmosphere, where they were created from collisions between cosmic rays and atomic nuclei in the atmosphere.

"This is a scientific breakthrough because it uses the principle applied muography Egyptian pyramids. It paved the way for a new investigation," said deputy director of ScanPyramids, Mehid Tayoubi.
40 muon detectors installed in the basement of Bent Pyramid. (Picture from: http://adf.ly/1ZuSFv)
These results appeared four months after a team led by Kunihiro Morishima of the Institute for Advanced Research of Nagoya University, Japan, installing 40 units slab of muon detectors in the basement of the Bent Pyramid.

"From this slab, more than 10 million muon traces were analyzed. We calculate the muon and according to their angular distribution, so we were able to reconstruct the images," said Tayoubi.

"For the first time, the structure of the pyramid has been revealed by the muon particles. The figure shows that the second chamber in the pyramid is located approximately above the lower floor where the emulsion plates installed," he added. *** [EKA | FROM VARIOUS SOURCES | DISCOVERY NEWS]
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