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Saturday, October 31, 2015

Scientists found the alcohol producer comet

If there were a special spacecraft, thousands of liters of wine can be transported on Lovejoy comet to Earth. The space researchers found that comet Lovejoy produce the ethyl alcohol-a type of alcohol that is the same as that contained in the liquor. The findings of this alcohol is the first time in a comet.
This is a picture of the comet C/2014 Q2 (Lovejoy) on 22 Feb. 2015. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/1i7Dhib)
These findings add to a row of evidence that comets sometimes a source of complex organic molecules necessary to become the raw material of life.

Nicolas Biver of the Paris Observatory, France, and also the lead author of a study published in the Science Advances journal, saying, "We found that the comet Lovejoy spread much alcohol at least 500 bottles of wine every second during its peak activity."

NDTV reported in the October 25, 2015, the team also found 21 different organic molecules in the form of gas emanating from the comet, including ethyl alcohol and glikoaldehid-a form of simple sugars.

Comets are frozen dregs of the formation of our solar system. Scientists interested in it because it could be said the comet is still pure and therefore have a clue about how the solar system was formed.

Most comets do orbit away from the Sun. However, sometimes there is interference caused by the force of gravity closer to the comet toward the Sun. When closer to the Sun, the comet becomes hotter and release various types of gas. Thus, scientists can determine the composition of the material in the comet.

Comet Lovejoy was officially registered as C/2014 Q2 and is one of the brightest and most active after the comet Hale-Bopp (1997). Comet Lovejoy passes closest to the Sun on January, 30 while releasing water at a rate of 20 tons per second. The team observed the comet's atmosphere when it is in a state of the brightest and most active.

They observed the glow of microwaves coming from the comet and monitored by radio teleksop diameter of 30 meters at Pico Veleta in the Sierra Nevada mountains in Spain.

The latest equipment is able to perform an analysis of a wider range of frequencies simultaneously, so that the team can determine the type and number of different molecules in the comet in just a short observation. Some researchers speculate that the comet collision on primordial earth bring supply organic molecules that might have helped the origin of life.

Findings with complex organic molecules in comet Lovejoy and a number of others to give support to this allegation. Stefanie Millam of the Goddard Space Flight Center of NASA and co-author of the paper said, "This result strongly supports the idea that comets have very complex chemistry. *** [EKA | FROM VARIOUS SOURCES | SCIENCEDAILY]
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