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Showing posts with label Classic. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Classic. Show all posts

Tuesday, November 12, 2019

A unique 1950s phony jet-engined scooter from Germany

Walba was one of the first German scooters from the post-war period. As quoted from Wikipedia, the motorcycle company based in Reutlingen, Germany was founded by a father and son in 1949. The Walba name derived from the abbreviation of the company founder names, ie Waldemar and Alexander BAlbaschewski. The official company name was Walba Fahrzeugbau Reutlingen.
1949 Walba 98 prototype scooter. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2rkutA6)
It is known that Alexander Balbaschewski was an engineer who had worked in several well-known automotive companies, such as Ford, BMW and MAN up to senior engineer level. The first scooter made by this company is Walba 98 in 1949.

The most notable scooter ever made by the company was Walba DeLuxe which is presented in 1950 and powered by a two-stroke ILO engine with a capacity of 100 cc, then 118 cc. As quoted by CyberMotorcycle, its unique body design comes from a French serviceman, Louis Lucien Lepoix, doing his bit to help with the reconstruction. He later achieved some success with BMW and as a designer in France.
1952 Walba DeLuxe scooter. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2Nv3eM1)
What makes this scooter is very unique, it is clearly seen that the Walba scooter has a different appearance from the other scooters at that time. Yes, when you ride this scooter, it's as if you were riding some kind of jet-engined vehicle from outer space. That's because under the seat and behind the rider's legs there's a unique body structure resembled a jet engine (a phony jet engine).
1952 Walba DeLuxe scooter at Automuseum Schramberg in May 2012. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2Co17Dp)
Besides that the scooter had identical front and rear wheel suspension and an engine-transmission unit which was installed in a similar way to the Imme - as the rear wheel went up due to a bump on the road, the engine went down. This reduced un-sprung weight to a minimum giving the machine superior handling characteristics. It was fitted with a hydraulic brake.
Walba DeLuxe scooter on the 1950s poster. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2Nv3eM1)
It turns out that the Walba unique scooter is not very successful in the market, because it is expensive, complicated and heavy, so the sales figures run at the turtle speed. The Walba scooters were built until 1952, when Fahrzeugfabrik Kannenberg KG, a vehicle construction and workshop company in Kannenberg bought the company. Manufacture continued under new ownership known as the Faka scooter, and it was marketed with minor changes.

Kept spur your adrenaline on the power of the two-wheeled monster and stay alive with true safety riding. May God will forgive Your sins and so does the cops...... *** [EKA | FROM VARIOUS SOURCES | WIKIPEDIA | CYBERMOTORCYCLE | ROLLERWELT.ORG]
Note: This blog can be accessed via your smart phone.

Monday, November 11, 2019

The unique, revolutionary pioneering scooter

For those of you, the automotive lover especially motorcycle and scooter fans, You might know the Horex, one of the famous German motorcycle brands in the era before and after the 2nd World War. As quoted from Wikipedia, the company was founded in 1920 by Friedrich Kleemann, a Finance Manager at Rex Konservenglas Gesellschaft (REX glass manufacturer) in Bad Homburg (Germany). At that time he bought a small motor factory named Columbus Motorenbau AG, in Oberursel (Taunus).
1956 Horex Rebell 250 prototype scooter, the forgotten pioneer of the modern scooters. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2WRXteo)
And in 1923, Fritz Kleeman (son of Friederich Kleeman) who later founded a motorcycle factory called HOREX-FAHRZEUGBAU AG. He derived the name from his city, HOmburg and the company where his father worked, REX. Initially, Horex built motorcycles with Columbus four-stroke engines from Oberursel until in 1925 Horex and Columbus merged.

Fritz Kleeman is also known as a motorcycle racer and often rides a motorcycle with the Horex-owned engine. He built the first Horex "real" motorcycle, by using a 248 cc OHV GNOM engine, delivered from the Columbus-Engine factory, which then tested by himself during the race. So, it can be said that Horex was built for motorcycle riders by motorcycle riders.

The German company manufactured a range of remarkable motorcycles from 250 to 800 cubic meters with single-cylinder and two-cylinder engines. Among its best-known models are the Regina 350 single-cylinder, first introduced in 1948, the beautiful, emblematic, two-cylinder Horex Imperator 500 in 1951 and the 400 in 1954.
This Horex Rebell 250 scooter model has never been produced by the company due to financial problems. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2NVaqA3)
Over time, it turns out that the German brand also ever developed a sophisticated scooter prototype called the Horex Rebell 250 start from 1954 to 1956. Even though this scooter was never been produced by this German manufacturer, but the figure of this scooter could be said to become a source of inspiration from the development of modern scooters today which are dominated by many brands from Japan such as Yamaha and Honda.

Horex Rebell 250 has a cleverly and well-designed frame, with one large transverse backbone that passes between the rider's feet. Its engine lubricating oil is also carried in it, and underneath hangs its engine, which, if you notice, it looks very much like a modern moped construction.

The four-stroke engine is positioned horizontally by following the crankshaft and gearbox, thus lowering the center of gravity, bringing it closer to the front wheels, ideally positioned from a spatial perspective. With the overall Rebell layout like that which modern motorbike and scooter designers later paid attention to apply to the current two-wheeled vehicles.
1956 Horex Rebell 250 scooter can be said as the source of inspiration from the modern scooters. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2WRXteo)
Yes, you can imagine how the Horex's visionary idea was when it designing the Rebell 250 prototype scooter and making it a source of inspiration for the development of modern scooters more than 6 decades later, so it deserves to be called a 'unique, revolutionary pioneering scooter.'

Then if you pay close attention, the Horex Rebell 250 has a long saddle for two people, large wide and long sidewalks for both passengers, the exhaust passes under the passenger compartment, with the tunnel running low between the rider's feet. And the apron in the front that protects his feet was wide and bent aerodynamically, to reflect the air. The same aerodynamics look like the headlamps, which are locked inside the hood, large front wings, but not too long, leaving a very beautiful rim to appear.

Then the Rebell 250 scooter uses a pair of wheels made of exotic magnesium with a diameter of 16 inches. But the interest was not only in the use of lightweight, expensive metal for the rims but also in the tires, which due to wheel size were motorcyclists (another "plus" of the model) and even tubeless.
1956 Horex Rebell 250 scooter frame looks very much like a modern moped construction. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2WRXteo)
In the front of the Horex scooter was mounted with brackets and shock absorbers, while the brakes were front and rear uses the drum brakes with hydraulic actuation! For better weight distribution and to charge the front wheel more, thereby assisting grip, right and left of the fork neck and behind the headlamp, there were 2 batteries to power the system.

The scooter prototype uses a Horex four-stroke, single-cylinder, air-cooled, two valves horizontal 250 cubic feet engine with the weighs just 135 kg, and the engine can be burst power up to 18 hp which is remarkable even with today's data. Unfortunately, there is no information about the existence of the prototype Horex Rebell 250 scooter until now.😭

Interestingly, the Horex Rebell 250, was created by the French designer Louis L. Lepoix of the FTI design company. Lepoix's work will be presented in the future, as he has designed other very interesting 50s and 60s German scooters such as Walba and Bastert, Contessa (TWN), and Maïcoletta, a Champion buggy built in Sweden, etc.
In addition to having made a scooter prototype, Horex turns out also ever made a 50cc moped. (Picture from: https://bit.ly/2wBDzeS)
Due to financial problems, Horex has never been able to take its Rebel 250 scooter into production lines, while the company already losing its market share in Europe. In 1960, the company was bought by Daimler Benz (for which it manufactured parts since '56) and the production of motorcycles was ceased.

The company filed for bankruptcy in September 2014, and in late 2014 announced that all employees had been let go and the factory was closed. And 3C-Carbon Group AG is going to be the new owner of the motorcycle brand Horex. Under the direction of the insolvency administrator, Rainer U. Müller from the law firm Anchor Rechtsanwälte, the 3C-Carbon Group AG came out on top in the quest to purchase Horex on February 6, 2015.

Today the rights to the legendary German company are owned by a new company (3C-Carbon Group AG) - promising a lot of it - that has a six-cylinder Horex VR6 series, which was supposed to be on the market since 2013.

Kept spur your adrenaline on the power of the two-wheeled monster and stay alive with true safety riding. May God will forgive Your sins and so does the cops...... *** [EKA | FROM VARIOUS SOURCES | HOREX | MOTO-COLLECTION.ORG | SCOOTERNET.GR | WIKIPEDIA]
Note: This blog can be accessed via your smart phone.

Saturday, November 9, 2019

Super exclussive scooter of Maserati

Maybe all this time we know that the automotive manufacturer from Italy, Maserati only makes cars. It turned out that in the past this Italian automotive manufacturer had tried to make a scooter, as part of its efforts to expand its business as a scooter producer in South America.
Brochure of 1957 Maserati M2 Alférez 150 cc scooter. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/32kirDR)
The Alférez known as the only Maserati scooter in existence starts when Maserati began a collaboration with Iso Rivolta. Iso is probably best known today for developing the Isetta bubble car, but also had a history of producing sports cars, motorcycles, and scooters.
1957 Maserati M2 Alférez scooter. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2JMkE4h)
Maserati together with Iso Rivolta ever produced two concepts/prototype scooters in 1957, the M1 (now unfortunately lost in history, but probably a 125 cc) and the M2 – the 150 cc Alférez.

The frame and engine numbers are simple 'M2,' and the Maserati logo on the crankcase is worth taking a second look at. The horn cast Maserati badge is unique too… with a red racing car alluding to their Grand Prix heritage, and the name Alférez… a link to the Maserati founders name (Alfieri), but tellingly translated in Spanish… a hint to their ambitions in Latin America, where scooters were so popular, and the Lambretta and Vespa names might be not so known in these regions. 
1957 Maserati M2 Alférez scooter at the 2017 Concorso d'Eleganza Villa d'Este. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2WMnhIU)
But a promotional trip to Mexico ended badly, then Maserati abandoned the scooter market. The M2 prototype remained too, finally ending up in Texas, where it resides today. Iso continued making scooters, and while being less commercially successful than Innocenti and Piaggio, are one of the few manufacturers a run for their money in styling.
Kept spur your adrenaline on the power of the two-wheeled monster and stay alive with true safety riding. May God will forgive Your sins and so does the cops...... *** [EKA | FROM VARIOUS SOURCES | SCOOTERHOOD | WOIWEB | PROVA MAGAZIN  | PREWAR.COM | MOTOCICLISMO | LAMBRETTISTA.NET]
Note: This blog can be accessed via your smart phone.

Friday, November 8, 2019

These beautiful and scarce Italian scooters nearly extinct (Part-2)

As mentioned in the 1st part of this article, we'll be continuing the discussion about a series of Italian scooter brands apart from Vespa and Lambretta that ever enlivened the world's scooter market in the past.
Two couples ride on scooters in Rome in the 1950s. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2NggV10)
The existence of some of these Italian scooter brands in their heyday had above-average product quality so that the price also became more expensive than Vespa and Lambretta which could be called established brands at that time. Dio Santo, non lasciarli estinguere!

Here are several Italian scooter brands that have ever been enlivened the world's scooter market in the 1950s, as follows:

6. Moto Parilla
Parilla's 'Levriere' was introduced in 1952. It was built with a two-stroke 125cc and later upgraded to 150cc, 4 speed in 1953. Cosmo sold the scooter in the USA under the name of 'Greyhound' in late 1957. The Greyhound sported Borrani rims and telescopic forks. It was produced in large numbers and sold around the world before being replaced by the Slughi in 1958. Cosmo was still selling leftover Greyhounds for another two years.
1957 Parilla Greyhound. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2NiHlzv)
Only two colors were offered for most of the scooters. One was brick red and the other a light green. Several other variations were used, but those are rare. Prices for the Greyhound were $359 in 1958 and $407 in 1960.
1957 Parilla Greyhound. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2NiHlzv)
Finding a Greyhound will be difficult since most have rusted away or driven into the ground. Some nice examples have been popping up here and there, but it seems that there might be less than a dozen in the USA. There is no one place for parts for the Greyhound. One might have to look to Europe for missing parts.
1957 Parilla Oscar scooter prototype. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2NiHlzv)
Parilla's next scooter product was the Oscar, it uses a two-stroke 160cc twin combined with a four-speed transmission. The Oscar was built as a prototype and was never put into production.😢

7. Palmieri & Guilinelli
Guizzo scooters were built in Bologna by Palmieri & Guilinelli from around 1958 to 1962. They first build a 150 cc scooter and a 48 cc two-stroke moped, built-in 1955, and known as one of the most interesting in Italy at the time. Then the scooter had improved in 1959, and the moped was updated in the following year.
1960 Guizzo 150 scooter. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2C9PPlY)
The production of the 150 cc scooter with a four-speed gearbox and the body alteration continued into 1961. And early 1962 followed a completely new model but it was not able to save the company. In the same year, the company ceased its all-production. 😢

8. Laverda
Laverda is an Italian automotive company that was first founded by Pietro Laverda in 1873. At that time, Laverda decided to start an agricultural machinery manufacturing company in a small village in Breganze, Vicenza Province. The company development continued after World War II ended, by his grandson named Francesco Laverda who founded Moto Laverda S.A.S in October 1949. When he first designed a small motorbike Francesco was assisted by Luciano Zen.
1959 Laverda 49 cc mini-scooter. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/36z0ViA)
Although this was not a serious project at first, the product produced was one of the most successful motorcycle models in the history of this company. This simple motorcycle uses a 4-stroke engine, with a capacity of 75 cc with fully closed girders and chains.
1963 Laverda 60 cc mini-scooter. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/36J5UgG)
In 1959, Italian authorities implemented a new regulation requiring motorcycles not to exceed speeds of 40 kph. Seeing these opportunities, Laverda also decided to produce an innovative mini scooter with a 4-stroke type engine, with a capacity of 49cc. With this product, Laverda became the first Italian company to produce mini scooters that can be ridden without a driving license.

9. Agrati-Garelli
When first introduced at the Milan Fair in 1959, the Capri scooter was produced by Agrati. But then the manufacturer was acquired by Garelli in 1960, that's why the name of the scooter was changed to Garelli Capri.
1960 Garelli Capri 80. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2CaXjVJ)
A few months later, Garelli offered Capri in the 125 cc version with the same shell. For several years this scooter was not exported. After entering the export market to the United Kingdom, Germany, and America, then the company released 50 cc and 98 cc models.
1960 Garelli Rex Monaco 150. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/33rHh6d)
The 50 cc moped model was not officially imported by Britain but was a huge success in Germany. In 1962 the 125 cc model was rejuvenated and renamed, in England its name became Super and in America became De Luxe. Soon the 150 cc model was introduced and in America and named Monaco. The scooter production of this manufacturer continued until 1973.😢

10. Malaguti
Malaguti is an Italian bicycle, scooter, and motorcycle company based in San Lazzaro di Savena, founded by Antonino Malaguti in 1930. The company producing bicycles until 1958.  In the early 60s, the company launched its first scooter in Bologna, which was named Malaguti 50.
1960 Malaguti 50 or Saigon 50 scooter. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2Cf074e)
Physically the Malaguti 50 scooter was similar to the Lambretta J50 which was quite in demand in the market. Uniquely, 70% of the scooters were sold in Vietnam, so this Malaguti's 50 cc scooter has a nicknamed as Saigon 50. Unfortunately in 1968, Malaguti ceased all its scooter production.😢

11. ISO Motor
The Italian company was originally named 'Isothermos,' a manufacturer of refrigerators/refrigeration units before World War II. The company was founded in Genoa in 1939 but was transferred to Bresso by Renzo Rivolta in 1942.

The company was vacuum before being re-founded and in 1953 and its name changed to Iso Autoveicoli S.p.A. with a new business producing motorized transportation, including scooters. In 1966 Renzo Rivolta died, and his son, Piero, took over as managing director. The first scooter made by the company was started in 1949 and named Iso 125 Bicilíndrica.
1952 Iso 125 Bicilíndrica. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2JQGOm0)
Then it was noted that this company had collaborated with compatriot automotive manufacturer Maserati to make 2 prototypes of the Maserati scooter, M1 and M2 in 1957, as a pioneering effort of Maserati to expand its business as a scooter manufacturer in South America. Unfortunately, this effort did not go smoothly and eventually abandoned.
1961 Iso Diva 150. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2CfA10Y)
Iso continued making scooters, and while being less commercially successful than Innocenti and Piaggio, are one of the few manufacturers a run for their money in styling. At the start of 1973, the Rivolta family ceded the business to an Italian American financier named Ivo Pera who promised to bring American management know-how to the firm, and the business was again renamed to Iso Motors, just before fading rapidly into obscurity.😢

12. Motobi
Motobi was established in Pesaro, Italy in 1949, by Giuseppe Benelli, initially trading under the name Moto 'B' Pesaro. This was shortened to Motobi in the 1950s. After a family disagreement in 1948, Giuseppe Benelli, one of the six brothers and an engineer of some talent, decided to go his own way.
1959 Motobi Catria 175. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/36zAMjt)
He stayed in Pesaro but moved to separate premises. Giuseppe launched the Moto 'B' marque selling small two-stroke motorcycles and scooters. Its scooter named Motobi Catria 175 was born in 1959, due to envy seeing Vespa and Lambretta scooters crowded on the streets and have good selling numbers in the market in the time.
1961 Motobi Picnic 75. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2PPivsn)
Has not had a long time competing in the scooter market, precisely in 1962 the company ceased all production and took over by Benelli. 😢 (Wanna see previous part?)

Kept spur your adrenaline on the power of the two-wheeled monster and stay alive with true safety riding. May God will forgive Your sins and so does the cops...... *** [EKA | FROM VARIOUS SOURCES | GOOGLE BOOK | MOTOBI | ISO MOTOR  | MALAGUTI | AGRATI-GARELLI | GUIZZO | MOTOPARILLA | REVOLVY]
Note: This blog can be accessed via your smart phone.

This is the Diablo You've never heard before

And if you are a supercar enthusiast who grew up in the 1990s, You probably know almost all of the Lamborghini Diablo variants. There are SV, VT, S30 Jota, even GTR. But have you ever heard of this kind of variant called the Lamborghini 132 GT1?
1998 Lamborghini 132 'Diablo' GT1. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2WMv4Gn)
At the end of the 1990s, everybody was getting into high-end racing, partly because thought it was awesome, but partly because it was theoretically possible to go racing at the top level with a legally street-car-based racing car. 

Few famous automotive brands tried it out, even Ferrari (usually mere focused on Formula One alone) attempted with their Ferrari F50 GT. Some of them even managed to have success, like McLaren with their F1 GTR, which claimed overall victory at the 24 Hours of Le Mans.
Right side view of 1998 Lamborghini 132 'Diablo' GT1. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/36A9BVM)
Seeing all this craziness going on, Lamborghini decided to get into it, too – which was unusual, when you consider that Lamborghini didn’t have a lot of racing pedigree at the time. Yes at that time, Lamborghini started an ambitious sports car racing program that would make it compete with the Porsche 911 GT1, McLaren F1 GTR, etc.
Left side view of 1998 Lamborghini 132 'Diablo' GT1. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2PRoE7K)
Then Lamborghini collaborated with a French company, Signes Advanced Technology (SAT), to design and build a racing car. In the beginning, everything went well, those two companies collaboration even succeeded in building a single road-going example to complement the racing car, and making it managed to get a homologation approval of the FIA to make it all legal.

Unfortunately, this project was suddenly canceled, but already there are 2 units of Diablo racing cars that have been built. It’s unclear as to why the program came to an end, though we can make a few reasonable guesses. The cars were built in early 1998, but by September of that year, Audi bought Lamborghini and the program was brought to a halt. 
Interior view of 1998 Lamborghini 132 'Diablo' GT1. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2NNZcNy)
In the end, the race version of the Lamborghini 132 GT1 ended up competing a little bit in Japan. The road car, such as it is, actually still exists, but what is needed is one look to understand that it is a true classic Lamborghini beast.
Engine view of 1998 Lamborghini 132 'Diablo' GT1. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2NNZcNy)
Of its appearance, where the car's exterior appears were full of the strong lines typical design of the 1990s wrapped in a strong carbon fiber material as well, which dramatically changed the look of Lamborghini's flagship car in the time.
Rear three-quarter of 1998 Lamborghini 132 'Diablo' GT1. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/36A9BVM)
Then the interior is also very different from the standard version due to it has been equipped with a custom pedal box, open shifters and of course, all the buttons, compact switches, and bucket seats, even the roll cages are present in it. Just like what we can expect from the best race car ever.
The car's powertrain is a 6.0 liter V12 naturally aspirated engine capable of producing power of up to 655 horsepower. So that not only from the appearance and performance of this car will be recognized but also from the sound. How fierce this Yellow Devil roaring was, can You hear it! Are you wanna see the Strosek, another unique Diablo variant! *** [EKA | FROM VARIOUS SOURCES | UPOST | LOVE CARS | FIA HISTORIC DATABASE]
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Wednesday, November 6, 2019

Kroboth Allwetter Roller has no chance to be grew

When the season changes into wet in the first years after World War II ended, and people want something with a roof. So, people stopped buying motorcycles. And scooters, too. Even though the economy in Western Europe improved rapidly in the 50s, most people were still unable to buy a new car. Especially in Germany which basically rebuilds its infrastructure from scratch. So what is the German need in the wet season in the time? They need a closed scooter.
1955 Kroboth Allwetter Roller while on display. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/347Rwfz)
Luckily there're Willy Messerschmitt started building in a closed scooter with the help of designer Fritz Fend. Shortly thus was born the Messerschmitt Kabinenroller which been sold like a strudel until Willy could not meet the market demand. So, there are holes in the market. But, designing, developing and producing mass cars, even small ones, takes a long time. It needs almost two years in those processes before being sold of microcars in the time. But the market needs somebody to capitalize the most of the wet season as soon as possible. There's one person who tried to take that opportunity was Gustav Kroboth. He was designing a roofed vehicle back in 1953.
1955 Kroboth Allwetter Roller in an advertisement paper. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2Wo9k3t)
He started with a simple, but strong central tube frame chassis and then used as many off the shelf parts to finish it off as possible. Front suspension was two transverse leaf springs, with one longitudinal one for the single rear wheel. Like his scooter, it was mid-engined with a 9 horsepower 175 cc Sachs engine mounted behind the driver and in front of the rear wheel. This was the same engine that was then powering the Messerschmitt which meant it was easy to get serviced and find parts for.
1955 Kroboth Allwetter Roller. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/34b2Nfp)
Within 3 weeks, he had finished a bare prototype that was ready for testing. He knew he had to distinguish his covered scooter from the Messerschmitt, so he tried as possible to make it look like a real car even though it has only three wheels, and named it Kroboth Allwetter Roller or All-weather Scooter. It also used a ZF steering box, ATE brakes, and a VW windshield. One thing Gustav was particularly proud of was the column-mounted 4-speed shifter. The column shift was all the rage, so this was like being in a full-sized car but without reverse gear anyway. Even with 9 horsepower, its top speed was 46 mph which apparently felt quick on a lightweight chassis like the roofed Kroboth scooter has.
Rearview of 1955 Kroboth Allwetter Roller. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/34b2Nfp)
It made its debut, believe it or not, at a hill climb event in Austria where it won its class. Kroboth was certain he had a winner, but the press mocked the little car calling it the product of the 'tinkering of a refugee operation.' Undeterred, Gustav set about making preparations for production. Workers at Kroboth rigorously tested it, driving it over 20,000 kilometers and then taking it apart to check for wear and tear. The handling that had satisfied Gustav when it was a chassis proved pretty squirrely at higher speeds.
After having trouble getting investors to produce it, Gustav finally got it from Fransen and Sohnen, a Dutch bicycle company to make the Kroboth Allwetter Roller in the country. But bad luck returned back when a shipment of a thousand bicycles to India went unpaid, which made the Dutch company have to choose between canceling their offer or going bankrupt, and once again the little roofed Kroboth was forever orphaned. Over the spring and summer of 1955, Gustav Kroboth and his little factory had been built 55 units of Allwetter Roller with the remaining supplies before the factory was shut down permanently.😢 *** [EKA | FROM VARIOUS SOURCES | MICROCAR MUSEUM | WIKIPEDIA | SCOOTERHOOD | UPOST.INFO] 
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Tuesday, November 5, 2019

These beautiful and scarce Italian scooters nearly extinct (Part-1)

The spaghetti country, Italy is indeed famous as the place where so many beautiful scooters were born. Countless scooter brands are present and enliven the two-wheeled vehicle market shortly after World War 2 ended were coming from the country with the most prominent brands' are Piaggio with its Vespa scooters and Innocenti with Lambretta. Then there are also several other brands such as Ducati, Moto Rumi, Carnielli Vittoria, MV Agusta, and many others.
The scooters atmosphere in Rome around the 1950s in William Klein's camera shots. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2puffZ3)
The existence of some of these Italian scooter brands in their heyday had above-average product quality so that the price also became more expensive than Vespa and Lambretta which could be called established brands at that time. With a slightly more expensive price so that these brands can not compete in the world scooter market which was then controlled by Piaggio and Innocenti. Thus by slowly but surely, they disappear from circulation.😢

Now, We will be discussed again several Italian brands that have ever been enlivened the world scooter market in the 1950s, as follows:

1. Bianchi
Bianchi, one of the first motorcycle manufacturers based in Milan, Italy was founded by Edoardo Bianchi in 1885. The company was started its business as a bicycle producer.

One of the scooter products from this manufacturer is Orsetto, a scooter that has a tubular frame, steel body, and a short wheelbase with small-sized wheels. And then this simple and lightweight scooter uses a small 80 cc engine.

The company started to make the scooter production research in August 1959 and the scooter was launched in April 1960 at the Milan Trade Fair. But unfortunately, because of the financial crisis, the manufacturer ceased production in 1962.😢
1962 Bianchi Orsetto. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2oHQb00)
In the UK, this type of scooter named Roma and made under-licensed by famous British bicycle manufacturer Raleigh started 1961 to 1964.

2. Gianca
Gianca was a historical Italian scooter company, based in Monza even though the motorcycle industry was relatively inactive. Its first and only product was known as Nibbio 100, and is also the first scooter was built in 1947 before Lambretta.
1946 Gianca Nibbio 100 at the 2017 Concorso d'Eleganza Villa d'Este. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2WMnhIU)
The Nibbio 100 was designed by engineer Scarpa. In one of his first versions with a two-stroke, 98 cc engine mounted on a tubular chassis, similar to that used after the Innocenti for the Lambretta. It was clear that with this project manufacturers Gianca sought to put a product on the market that could counter the Piaggio with its Vespa, then also had to confront the Nibbio with other Italian motorcycle companies, including the Innocenti the Isothermos and Officine Giesse.
1946 Gianca Nibbio 100 at the 2017 Concorso d'Eleganza Villa d'Este. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/34t0zrS)
In 1949, despite the great propaganda made especially for posters, the Nibbio failed to meet the favor of the market, it then took on the one hand the company to close its doors and the other to sell the project a new company: San Christopher in Milan. San Christopher, Having bought the rights to this project, changed some of its shares, both were propelled by a 125 cc with valve discs, but also on the body. Despite these measures to improve the performance of this new project, as the former was once again totally bankrupt. In 1952 was made a further amendment, even though as regards the name, in fact, it was made into Simonetta. Also In 1952, the San Christoforo Nibbio by Simonetta was built in France under the name Ravat.😢

3. Toscan
This scooter was present at almost the same time as the Gianca Nibbio 100. The sleek Toscan scooter was built only two nearly identical copies. As the name implies, this scooter was made in 1949 in Tuscany, Italy by the unknown manufacturer (if You have information about this scooter, let's we know).
1949 Toscan 98 cc scooter. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2NCfdWS)
As quoted from the book titled 'Scooters Made in Italy,' written by Vittorio Tessera, there are 2 similarities that the Tuscan scooter has with the Gianca Nibbio scooter, it same manually assembled (by handmade) and using the same 2-stroke engine with a capacity of 98 cc.

4. Tunin Prina 
This scooter manufacturer was founded by Antonio Prina shortly after World War 2 ended and named Tunin Prina. The company made a leap in production from bicycle production to motorcycles and scooters. For the production of the scooter, they did very well and chose the 'Gran Lusso' acronym for its scooter product.
1951 Prina Orix 175GL at the 2017 Concorso d'Eleganza Villa d'Este. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2WMnhIU)
In 1951 the manufacturer launched a scooter model named Prina Orix 175 GL (Gran Lusso) which the maker claimed as 'Il gioiello degli scooter' or jewel scooter because it was equipped with all the best at that time such as large-diameter motorcycle type wheels a very rigid, single beam steel frame, body shells with smooth and futuristic shapes, abundant chrome. Besides this, this scooter uses a 2-stroke 175 cc JLO engine that is capable of producing power up to 8.1 horsepower and is integrated with a 4-speed manual transmission system.
1951 Prina Orix 175GL at the 2017 Concorso d'Eleganza Villa d'Este. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2CaYZyA)
The result was that the price was very high, at 265,000 Lire on the list in 1952, when Lambretta was valued at 166,000 and Vespa 150,000. Although Orix can be considered beautiful because the price is too high so it could not reap success in the market and slowly disappeared. But now this scooter is sought after by collectors.

5. SAI Ambrosini
The Freccia Azzura scooter designed and built by engineer Giuseppe Del Bianco using a 125 cc Puch split single with a three-speed gearbox driving via a chain. The machine had telescopic forks.
1952 SAI Ambrosini or Freccia Azzura scooter at the 2017 Concorso d'Eleganza Villa d'Este. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2WMnhIU)
Introduced at the Milan Show of 1951, finances proved a problem and the following year he received support from Ambrosini of Passignano and it was built in their factory. Might be this why the Freccia Azzura scooter is also known as the Ambrosini scooter.
1952 SAI Ambrosini or Freccia Azzura scooter. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2NwcjCQ)
In 1952 they changed to a Sachs 142 cc engine with a four-speed gearbox, and improved performance. The scooter was aimed at the high end of the market and nearly twice the price of the equivalent Vespa or Lambretta. (Wanna see the next part.)

Kept spur your adrenaline on the power of the two-wheeled monster and stay alive with true safety riding. May God will forgive Your sins and so does the cops...... *** [EKA | FROM VARIOUS SOURCES | SCOOTERHOOD | WOIWEB | PROVA MAGAZIN  | MALAGUTI | MOTOCICLISMO | MOTOPARILLA | MOTORCYCLE CLASSICS]
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