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Showing posts with label Around us. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Around us. Show all posts

Friday, October 12, 2018

3 major scientific issues that still be mysterious!

Scientists continue to find many scientific issues that sometimes those issues can change the entire of our world's faces. Even so, the scientists continue to try uncover the mysteries about this world but still could not give a detailed explanations, and sometimes some of them then are kept those secret from the public, why?
Our Earth. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2pKiIPA)
As reported from the Dailystar on (06/12/2017), here are 3 major scientific issues that still be mysteries and kept on secret so that human does not panic!

3. Climate change
Many people think that climate change only makes the earth hotter, but it turns out that Climate Change or climate change is a disaster. Climate change is a real disaster, where humans burn the fuel, factories blow smoke into the sky and release carbon dioxide which makes the Earth's surface warmer. According to a study by scientists from Ohio, the United States that climate change takes hundreds of years to make it stable again.
One of the causes of climate change. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2IO0Lbu)

2. Human knowledge about the Universe is still very minimal
NASA sent astronauts to explore the moon, and humans on earth assume that humans have managed to know a lot about the universe. In fact it is not, according to a report from the United States Astronomy Agency, new humans are able to explore the universe in less than 5 percent. This means that the remaining 95 percent is still a mystery and it is the task of humans to be able to solve it in the future.
Illustration of our existence in the universe. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2IO0Lbu)

1. Mass extinction will occur once more
According to the Saintis report, this earth has experienced at least 5 mass extinctions caused by climate change, the ice age, to extreme weather. Well, the dangers of scientists believe that civilization will now lead to the sixth mass extinction. True or not, scientists are referring to current conditions of the earth and climate such as the amount of pollution, ice on both poles is starting to melt, forest loss and heat waves hit several regions in the Middle East.
Illustration of mass extinction. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2IO0Lbu)
The purpose of being kept secret here is not about its existence which is deliberately hidden, but its real contents are still an unsolved mystery.. What do you think? *** [EKA | FROM VARIOUS SOURCES | DAILYSTAR]
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Sunday, October 7, 2018

This is what will happen to the body when you stop smoking

Many people think that he feels it's too late to stop smoking because there are already many toxins in his body. However, as quoted from the Ministry of Health website, in various studies it is still possible that there will be recovery from damage caused by smoking even though it has been done for years.

In a study of 1,500 smokers, known a year after stopping smoking, there was an improvement in the arteries caused by inhaled cigarette smoke. This means, the risk of developing coronary heart disease also decreases, as well as the risk of cancer.

Although smokers who have separated from cigarettes experience a slight increase in body weight, around 4 kg, it is known that good cholesterol levels in the blood also increase. According to research published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Maybe you are curious, what happens to the body if you stop smoking within minutes to months? The following is the review as quoted from the Medical Daily and the Ministry of Health:

  • In 20 minutes not smoking: Blood pressure, pulse and peripheral blood flow improve. This is because nicotine causes the body to release epinephrine and norepinephrine, both of which limit blood vessels and increase heart rate.
  • In 2 hours not smoking: Approximately after two hours of not smoking, the urge to smoke again causes gloom and irritability. Usually people who stop smoking for two hours will begin to feel restless. However, it turns out that it is good for his health.
  • In 8 hours not smoking: Carbon monoxide and nicotine in the lungs are reduced by half, so oxygen levels in the bloodstream return to normal.
  • In 24 hours not smoking: Maybe you will experience coughing more than usual. This is apparently a sign the body is removing some of the toxins that are starting to form in the lungs. And carbon monoxide levels will disappear in the body.
    In 2 days not smoking: Nicotine is lost from the lungs and body, then the taste senses begin to recover.
  • In 3 days not smoking: After quitting smoking for 3 days you may experience some side effects and can be more extreme.
    In 1 month not smoking: Appearance improves, skin becomes brighter, wrinkles on the face diminish, hair shakes the airways grow back, nicotine withdrawal symptoms stop or disappear.
  • In 5-9 months not smoking: Coughing and wheezing (shortness of breath) is reduced.
  • In 5 years not smoking: The risk of coronary heart disease is reduced by half.
  • In 10 years not smoking: The risk of lung cancer is reduced by half.
The body begins to be completely clean and recover from toxins after 15 years of stopping smoking. As quoted from DailySabah, it is only in the 15th year since a person stops smoking, the harmful effects of smoking completely leave the body and reduce the likelihood of smoking-related illnesses by 90%, said Professor Ülkü Yilmaz, vice president of the Turkish Respiratory Society.

According to 2012 data, more than 1.8 million people were diagnosed with lung cancer worldwide, 1.6 million of whom eventually lost their lives. And the number of lung cancer patients is estimated at 2.5 million by 2025.

Professor Yilmaz said lung cancer risk was up to 30 times higher in people who smoked. Whereas those who do not smoke, the chance of developing lung cancer is lower than 1% in people who have never smoked in their lives.

"Once the smoker stops his habit, the risk of developing lung cancer begins to decrease. After 15 years of stopping smoking, the risk of lung cancer can decrease by 90%," said Yilmaz.

Yilmaz also reminded, people should not forget that the risk also comes to those who are non-smokers and remain at risk, namely that they are always exposed to cigarettes every day (passive smoking).

Why is passive smoking more likely to develop lung cancer? Many people are curious, why do passive smokers have lung cancer more often?

According to Dr. Sita Laksmi Andarini, PhD. SpP(K), the actual risk of active smokers getting lung cancer is much greater than passive smokers. Dan Laksmi said, active smokers had a 13.6-fold risk. While passive smokers have a four-fold risk of lung cancer.

According to the results of Clare Weeden's research from Melbourne University in Australia, cigarettes increase lung cell damage and make basal stem cells more active, increasing mutations. Even so, there are also active smokers who do not have lung cancer and there are passive smokers who have lung cancer. This is because to become cancer actually requires a complicated mechanism.

Actually, there is always the potential for lung cancer for everyone. Every time, people pull and exhale. In certain moments there are mucosa or mucous membranes in the respiratory tract from the nose to the damaged bronchus. If the amount is small, the body can still repair it.

"If there is a slip, he becomes abnormal, namely the seeds of cancer. But, it is not that easy to become cancer. There is a mechanism of the body itself to get rid of the abnormal. So not everyone has cancer," said Dr. Elisna Syahruddin, PhD. SpP(K). *** [EKA | FROM VARIOUS SOURCES | LINE]
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Wednesday, October 3, 2018

This technique will help you fall asleep in only 2 minutes

Are you included in the group of people who always have problems with sleep. or maybe you include people who sleep too much? If so, maybe you should try the following method to solve the problem.

A story when viral on the internet about the secret method used by the US Military to help people fall asleep quickly. The information came from a book published in 1981 entitled "Relax and Win: Championship Performance" with the story taken by author Sharon Ackman on Medium.
Reportedly, the US Military used this method to help people fall asleep quickly. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2ItNRzo)
This book tells its readers how to relax, and also tells how to fall asleep within two minutes. The US military itself uses this method. Ackman wrote, "The US Navy Pre-Flight School developed a scientific method to fall asleep day or night, in any conditions, in under two minutes. After six weeks of practice, 96 percent of pilots can fall asleep in two minutes or less. Even after drinking coffee, with the machine gun being played in the background."
Infogram: Why is sleep important? (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2ItNRzo)
If you also want to practice the same method, then follow the steps below:
  1. The first step is to clear your mind. For this, it is recommended that you relax all the muscles in your face. Drop your shoulders and rest your arms.
  2. Then breathe and relax your chest. Then relax your legs. All steps must be followed in the same sequence.
  3. In the next 10 seconds, clear your mind of everything. Imagine you're lying in a pitch-black room on a comfortable sofa. If you are struggling, say the words "don't think" repeatedly. This can supposedly help as well
If you follow all these steps, you should be asleep. Ackman said that this technique was especially useful for people in the military who were in dangerous scenarios or for those who were coping with the horrors of war. And according to another recent study, getting a night sleep between six to nine hours can help offset the heart conditions. Some other studies have also shown the disastrous effects sleep deprivation can have on the body.

Even though we don’t understand its importance, sleep is super essential for normal brain activity and healthy life. If you need to sleep quickly or you are struggling to get to sleep at home, you can also give a try to this US army technique. This technique has worked for World War II pilots; it can certainly work for you as well. *** [EKA | FROM VARIOUS SOURCES | WONDERFUL ENGINEERING]
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Wednesday, August 29, 2018

Scientists find the world's oldest color

Scientists have found what they say is the oldest color in the world, namely bright pink. The facts about the history of the pigment were discovered after researchers destroyed 1.1 billion years old rocks in flakes of marine deposits found in the rocky layers of the Sahara Desert, in the Taoudeni basin of Mauritania (western Africa).
Biogeochemistry lab manager Janet Hope from the ANU research school of earth sciences holds a vial of coloured porphyrins (pink coloured liquid), believed to be some of the oldest pigments in the world. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2wjcSHB)
"Of course you might say that everything (rocks) has several colors," said Prof. Jochen Brocks, senior researcher leader from the Australian National University. "What we found was the oldest biological color," he continued as quoted by The Guardian on Wednesday, June 11, 2018.

Then, Prof. Brocks compared it to the discovery of a 100 million-year-old T-Rex bone. "It (the T-Rex bone fossil) also has color, but tends to have a gray pigment base, or brown. But that won't tell you what T-Rex's skin is like," Prof Brocks continued.
The oldest color pigments in the world are found from marine animals fossils of hundreds of millions of years old. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2PtUkx4)
He explained that the newest pigment molecules found by his team did not come from large creatures, but microscopic organisms that lived in the early era of the formation of the Earth.

The oldest color, was first discovered by a doctoral student named Nur Gueneli, who destroyed fossil rocks into powder. Then, she extracts and analyzes the molecules of ancient organisms from the chemicals they contain.

Gueneli said the pigment was half a billion years older than the discovery of the previous fossil pigment. "Bright pink pigments are molecular fossils of chlorophyll produced by ancient photosynthetic organisms, which inhabit ancient oceans," she said in a statement. *** [EKA | FROM VARIOUS SOURCES | THE GUARDIAN]
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Wednesday, August 15, 2018

The Body becomes a Tree

Have you ever imagined a cemetery area that was originally known with a tense, scary and lonely atmosphere, then turned into a green landscape full of trees, beautiful and harmonious? Actually, there are many ideas that have been initiated to make funeral concepts in the last decade, recently there is one concept that has been widely highlighted and has invited many pros and cons comments. The concept came from Italy.
There's a video that describes the concept of organic graves being viral on social media. And those video was uploaded in the Facebook social media through the "Be Inspired Aspire" pages, and has been watched more than 36 millions times.

The video introduces an environmentally friendly organic burial "coffin" concept to turn tombstone graves into a unique innovation called Capsula Mundi. These Capsula Mundi concept was first put forward by Anna Citelli and Raoul Bretezel, who made a burial pods or called the Capsula Mundi, where these pods serves as a fertilizer for the tree.
Capsula Mundi burial concept. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2KSsVSd)
The idea is to place the body in a position like a fetus in the womb in a biodegradable burial pods. The pods are then planted on the ground with seeds or trees. The seeds are placed in a jar that stores the ashes below with a mixture of soil. In the Bios jar, the seeds that are planted take food from ash when it grows into a tree.

In Twitter, Capsula Mundi uploaded a picture of a tree hugged by someone and added with a little comment. "
My grandma is an oak tree. She chose to do this because she preferred a tree to a tombstone. And when I visit the wood, I feel grandma is still with me," wrote the @capsula_mundi account accompanied by hashtag #lifeneverstops #greenburial #trees. 
It is unfortunate until now the Capsula Mundi are still a concept because many people think it violates the rules and some norms about burying a body under the tree. In addition, not many people who want to buried in such a way and it turns out to cost quite a lot.

And Capsula Mundi claimed, if this idea is practiced, then people will visit the forest as a cemetery to remember their loved ones. *** [EKA | FROM VARIOUS SOURCES | CAPSULA MUNDI]
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Thursday, July 19, 2018

Cool automotive nuanced furnitures

After we discuss a lot of articles about automotive things, maybe there is nothing wrong if on this occasion we talk about something different but still in the feel of the automotive.
An image of innovative recycled car parts couch. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2uxEc4L)
Many ways to thicken the feel of the automotive at your home or work space. The most common is to put the racing memorabilia or miniature of your favorite vehicle brands, etc. But if that way is still lacking, maybe it's time for you to adopt the automotive nuanced furnitures.
Mustang pool table. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2uxEc4L)
These way has been tried to be offered by the Polish manufacturer of luxury furniture named Design Epicentrum. Through some of their products, the Poznan-based company gives you a chance to have the Lamborghini cars pieces for your favorite space at home.

1. Lamborghini Aventador couch
If already smitten after seeing the picture in the brochure and ordered it, then the consumers still have to be patient. Because as quoted from Autoevolution, Design Epicentrum takes about four months to complete one unit of these sofa.
Lamborghini Aventador couch. (Picture from: https://bit.ly/3iLhgFP)
For specification, the sofa with Aventador fascia shape is made using fiberglass material and medium-density fiberboard on the back. For the color, obviously can be adjusted to your demand as the customer.

2. Lamborghini Murcielago desk
To complement the sofa set above, Design Epicentrum also provides a table with a similar theme. But, these table takes the design of another Lamborghini model ie Murcielago.
Lamborghini Murcielago desk. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2uLC7lk)
Keep in mind, the furnitures in question above was not the original Lambo parts but only the form that esembles it. But if you want the furniture made from the original car components, so you can check the next part below.

3. RedBull racing car exhaust lamps
Unlike the sofas and tables as mentioned earlier, these lamp set is the original component that taken of the Infiniti RedBull racing team cars that won the title of the Winning Constructor four times. These are the original parts was ever used on Mark Webber or Sebastien Vettel cars on the Formula-1 racing track.
RedBull racing car exhaust lamps. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2uLC7lk)
To get these exhaust, the consumers can begin to contact Racing Gold, the company that has a specialization to "collect" the historical car components that taken of the racecourse.
An innovative recycled exhaust parts lamps. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2uLC7lk)
If You want to see more models of furniture made from recycled or unused vehicle parts, please feel free to push here. Hopefully this will be an inspiration for you to beautify your favorite room at home with a thick automotive nuance. 

I think, all of these ideas above are quite interesting isn't it? *** [EKA | FROM VARIOUS SOURCES | AUTOEVOLUTION | THE GASPOL]
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Wednesday, September 6, 2017

The 15 Biggest Things that ever existed or lived on Earth to date (Part-2)

Humans are always obsessed with something big. All things. Especially those who had lived before or existed to this day on Earth. From the biggest animals to the largest flower petals.
Quote of Carlos Slim. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2wE42pb)
Here are the 2nd part or it can be said as the 7 Biggest things that existed to this day on our amazing planet that make us all feel very small also:

7. The Biggest Cave on Earth
A cave located in Phong Nha-Ka Bang National Park in Vietnam is crowned as the biggest and most beautiful cave in the world. The cave has a length of more than 5 kilometers with a width of 150 meters.

Inside one of the caves in Phong Nha National Park, Vietnam. (Picture from: https://bit.ly/3njJivv)


6. The Biggest Tree on Earth
The sequoia tree is the largest living thing on planet earth to date. This tree can grow as high as 275 feet (83.82 meters), with a diameter of 8 meters.

Sequoia tree (Sequoiadendron giganteum) at Sequoia National Park. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2gAivcx)

5. The Biggest Living Organism on Earth
The Great Barrier Reef is the largest living organism on the planet with a length of 2,300 kilometers. It is a mosaic of about 2,900 offshore reefs and coastal waters. By comparison, the reef ecosystem of 135,000 square miles is the same as the size of the German's territory.
The Great Barrier Reef is one of the seven wonders of the natural world. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2gAplii)

4. The Biggest Mushroom on Earth 
Armillaria solidipes that grows in the region of Blue Montains, Oregon, United States. This fungus covers an area of ​​965 hectares or about 1665 times the area of ​​football field. This largest mushroom was discovered in 1998. It is estimated that this fungus is already 2,400 years old.
Armillaria solidipes is one of the biggest mushroom ever known. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2wAlNpA)

3. The Biggest Fruit on Earth Today
Jackfruit is the largest fruit on earth that grows from trees. The biggest jackfruit can reach 90 cm with 50 cm diameter.

The Jackfruit is the largest tree borne fruit in the world. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2eFJ0At)

2. The Biggest Flower in the World
Rafflesia arnoldi is the largest flower in the world. This Indonesian flower can reach weight 24 Kg with height 100 cm.
Rafflesia Arnoldii is blooming in the Taba Penanjung Nature Reserve, Bengkulu. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2wDedZO)

1. The Biggest Animals on Earth Today
Blue whales are the largest animals that living on Earth today. Its length reaches 33 meters with a weight of nearly 150 tons.
The Blue Whales is the biggest animal on Earth today. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2gH4ptL)
That's the 15 biggest things that ever existed or lived on Earth to date. It is fitting for us when living on Earth should be smart to be grateful, humble and always distanced themselves from the arrogance and feel as the greatest. (Back to previous part.) *** [EKA | FROM VARIOUS SOURCES | DREAM.CO.ID]
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Tuesday, September 5, 2017

The 15 Biggest Things that ever existed or lived on Earth to date (Part-1)

Humans are always obsessed with something big. All things. Especially those who had lived before or existed to this day on Earth. From the biggest animals to the largest flower petals. 
Quote of Chad Michael Murray. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2x6J83O)
Here are the first part or it can be said as the 8 Biggest things that ever lived on Earth that make us all feel very small:

15. The Biggest Beast Ever Lived on Earth
Amphicoelia is the biggest animal ever to live on Earth. This herbivorous dinosaur lived about 145-161 million years ago. Because of its size, Amphicoelia can have a length up to 58 meters.
Amphicoelia is the biggest animal ever to live on Earth. (Picture from: https://bit.ly/3jGlwHJ)

14. The Biggest Flying Animals Ever Lived on Earth
Quetzalcoatlus that lived about 66-68 million years ago. This pterosaur is the largest flying animal in the history of the planet. Its wings span can reach 12-15 meters.
The size of Quetzalcoatlus compares with human and giraffe. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2iYTyfh)

13. The Biggest Bird Ever Lived on Earth
Argentavis that lived about 5-8 million years ago. This biggest creature is one of the largest birds in Earth's history. The length of its wings alone can reach nearly 7 meters. Uniquely, Argentavis loves eating (ancient) mice.
The Argentavis is one of the largest birds to ever roam the skies. (Picture from: https://bit.ly/3npjtKn)

12. The Biggest Snake Ever Lived on Earth
Titanoboa who ever lived about 58-61 million years ago. This 'monster' is still related to the Boa snake has a length of up to 13 meters!
Replica of Titanoboa snake monster at New York Grand Central Station on March 22. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2eXDm9K)

11. The Biggest Deer Ever Live on Earth
The Irish Elk or Giant Deer (Megaloceros giganteus) is the biggest deer that ever lived. The last species of this animal is estimated to live about 7,700 years ago. This giant deer has a size of about 2.1 meters or 7 feet high up on his shoulders. It has the largest antler horn of each cervid, about 3.65 meters / 12 meters from end to end and weighs up to 90 pounds.
The Irish Elk or Giant Deer (Megaloceros giganteus) is the biggest deer that ever lived. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2eXVkJa)

10. The Biggest Bear Ever Lived on Earth
The giant short-faced bear (Arctodus) is one of the largest carnivorous mammals that ever lived on earth during the ice age. If standing, this bear has a height of 4.5 meters. The bear with the strongest jaw on earth was extinct about 14,000 years ago.
The giant short-faced bear (Arctodus Simus) is the biggest bear that ever lived on Earth. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2gH4ptL)

9. The Biggest Ape Ever Lived on Earth
Gigantopithecus is the greatest ape of all time, it lived about 1 million years ago. Scientists believe that Gigantopithecus has a height of about 4 meters, weighs 550 kilos, and most eat bamboo.
The Gigantopithecus is the biggest ape that ever lived on Earth. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2wAqCiR)

8. The Biggest Sea Scorpion Ever Lived on Earth
Jaekelopterus rhenaniae is the biggest bug ever known. Its fearsome fossil claw discovered in Germany has size of a large crocodile, 390-million-year-old sea scorpion was the top predator of its day, slicing up fish and cannibalizing its own kind in coastal swamp waters, fossil experts say. They can grow up to 2.5 meters.
The Jaekelopterus rhenaniae is the biggest bug ever known lived on Earth. (Picture from: http://bit.ly/2gGnbBi)
The first part is closed up here and will continue on the next section which can be said to be the 7 Biggest things that ever lived on Earth to this day. (Jump to next part) *** [EKA | FROM VARIOUS SOURCES | DREAM.CO.ID]
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